Today In History...

In 1776 American revolutionary Thomas Paine published his influential pamphlet, "Common Sense," arguing for American independence from Britain.
In 1840 The Penny Post mail system has started.
In 1861 Florida becomes the third state to secede from the Union.
In 1863 London's Metropolitan, the world's first underground passenger railway, opens to the public.
In 1870 John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil.
In 1911 The first photo from an airplane is taken over San Diego.
In 1917 "Buffalo" Bill Cody dies at the age of 71.
In 1920 The League of Nations was established as the Treaty of Versailles was enacted.
In 1928 The Soviet Union orders the exile of Leon Trotsky.
In 1932 Mickey Mouse and Silly Symphony comics begin syndication.
In 1944 The first mobile electric power plant is delivered in Philadelphia.
In 1946 The U.N. General Assembly meets for the first time in London.
In 1946 U.S. Army establishes the first radar contact with the moon.
In 1957 Harold Macmillan became prime minister of Britain following the resignation of Anthony Eden.
In 1964 "That Was The Week That Was" premieres.
In 1967 Massachusetts Republican Edward W. Brooke, the first black elected to the U.S. Senate by popular vote, takes his seat.
In 1967 National Educational Television (forerunner of PBS) operated for the first time as a network when it carried President Lyndon Johnson's State of the Union address.
In 1969 USSR's Venera 6 is launched for a parachute landing on Venus.
In 1978 The Soviet Union launched two cosmonauts aboard Soyuz 27 for a rendezvous with the Salyut Six space laboratory, where two other cosmonauts had been living for a month.
In 1980 The record for the fastest trip around the world on scheduled airline flights is set at 44 hours.
In 1980 Former AFL-CIO president George Meany dies at age 85.
In 1983 President Reagan orders White House staff members to stay away from the press to stop leaks.
In 1984 The U.S. and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations for the first time in more than a century.
In 1985 Daniel Ortega was inaugurated as president of Nicaragua, after which he promptly denounced what he called U.S. aggression against his country.
In 1986 Heavy rain at Cape Canaveral, FL, forces a seventh delay in the flight of the space shuttle Columbia.
In 1989 The U.S. Supreme Court upholds the right of states to tax long-distance telephone calls.
In 1989 Cuba begins withdrawing its troops from Angola more than 13 years after the first soldiers arrive.
In 1990 Chinese Premier Li Peng lifted Beijing's seven-month-old martial law and said that by crushing pro-democracy protests, the army had saved China from "the abyss of misery."
In 1991 Five days before the U.N. deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, peace efforts intensify, with U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar setting off on a mission aimed at averting war.
In 1992 The Labor Department reports the nation's unemployment rate had climbed to 7.1 percent.
In 1993 An unidentified 62-year-old man at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center undergoes the world's second baboon liver transplant. (The man died less than a month later.)
In 1994 In Manassas, VA, Lorena Bobbitt goes on trial, charged with malicious wounding of her husband, John (she was acquitted because of temporary insanity).
In 1994 On the first day of a 2-day NATO summit in Belgium, leaders signed a document inviting nations of the former Warsaw Pact to join in a "partnership for peace."
In 1995 Russia announced a 48-hour truce in breakaway Chechnya, but the cease-fire fell apart after only a few hours.
In 1995 President Clinton declares flood-stricken areas of California major disaster areas.
In 1998 Michelle Kwan won the ladies' U.S. Figure Skating Championship in Philadelphia; Tara Lipinski came in second, and Nicole Bobek third.
In 2000 America Online says it will acquire Time Warner in the most significant corporate merger ever.
In 2003 North Korea withdraws from a global treaty barring it from making nuclear weapons.
In 2004 Michelle Kwan wins her seventh straight title and eighth overall at Atlanta's U.S. Figure Skating Championships.


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