Today In History...

In 1533, England's King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife, Anne Boleyn (who later gave birth to Elizabeth I).
In 1579, The Treaty of Utrecht was signed, marking the beginning of the Dutch Republic.
In 1787, Shay's Rebellion suffered a setback when debt-ridden farmers led by Captain Daniel Shays failed to capture an arsenal at Springfield, MA.
In 1890, Reporter Nellie Bly of the New York World received a tumultuous welcome home after she completed a round-the-world journey in 72 days, 6 hours, and 11 minutes.
In 1890, The United Workers of America was founded.
In 1915, Alexander Graham Bell, the telephone inventor, inaugurated the U.S. transcontinental telephone service when he called Thomas Watson in San Francisco from New York.
In 1925, The largest diamond, Cullinan (3106 carats), was found in South Africa.
In 1940, The first social security checks were mailed.
In 1945, Grand Rapids became the first city to fluoridate its public water supply.
In 1946, The United Mine Workers rejoined the American Federation of Labor.
In 1949, The first Emmy Awards were presented.
In 1959, The first transcontinental commercial jet flight was made by a Boeing 707 from Los Angeles to New York for $301.00 on American Airlines.
1961, President Kennedy held the first live, nationally televised presidential news conference.
In 1961, Walt Disney's animated film "101 Dalmations" was released.
In 1964, Echo II, a U.S. communications satellite, was launched.
In 1971, Charles Manson and three young female followers were convicted in Los Angeles of murder and conspiracy in the 1969 slayings of seven people, including actress Sharon Tate.
In 1978, Muriel Humphrey was appointed to fill the U.S. Senate seat left vacant by the death of her husband, Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota.
In 1979, Pope John Paul II began his first overseas trip as pontiff, traveling to the Dominican Republic.
In 1981, The 52 Americans held hostage in Iran for 444 days arrived back in the United States.
1984, President Reagan announced the plans for a permanent human-crewed space station by 1994.
1985 In a surprise announcement, Pope John Paul II said he would convene a synod of Roman Catholic bishops to review the results of the Second Vatican Council.
In 1988, President Bush and Dan Rather had a loud on-camera encounter over the Iran/Contra affair on "The CBS Evening News."
In 1988, Columbia's Attorney General, a drug trafficking opponent, is kidnapped and murdered along with his driver and bodyguard.
In 1989, The Episcopal Church made Barbara Harris the first woman bishop.
In 1989, The Senate Armed Services Committee opened confirmation hearings on the nomination of John Towerase, secretary of defense.
In 1990, An Avianca Boeing 707 ran out of fuel in Cove Neck, New York, while attempting to land at Kennedy International Airport and crashed, killing 73 of the 161 people aboard.
In 1990, actress Ava Gardner died in London at 67.
In 1991, During the Gulf War, missiles fired from western Iraq struck the Tel Aviv and Haifa areas, killing one Israeli and injuring more than 40 others.
In 1993, A gunman shot and killed two CIA employees outside agency headquarters in Virginia.
In 1993, President Clinton appointed his wife, Hillary, to head a committee on health-care reform.
In 1993, President Clinton appointed his wife, Hillary, to head a committee on health-care reform.
1994, President Clinton delivered his first State of the Union address, promising a forceful effort to enact health and welfare reform and a ban on assault weapons.
In 1994, the U.S. launched Clementine I, an uncrewed spacecraft, to study the moon before it was "lost and gone forever."
In 1995, The defense gave its opening statement in the O.J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles.
In 1997, astronomer Jeane Dixon died in Washington, DC, at 79.
In 1998, Pope John Paul II ended his historic journey to Cuba.
In 1998, American astronaut Andrew Thomas moved from the space shuttle Endeavour into the Russian space station Mir.
1998, Britain doubled its troops in the Persian Gulf as America confronted Iraq.
In 1998, The Denver Broncos defeated the Green Bay Packers, 34-27, in Super Bowl XXXII. It was the first victory for the AFC in 13 years.
In 1999, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that the 2000 census could not use statistical sampling to enhance its accuracy.
In 1999, A Louisville, KY, man received the first hand transplant in the U.S.
In 1999, Jury selection began in Jasper, TX, in the trial of John William King, charged in the dragging death of James Byrd Jr.
In 1999, A powerful earthquake rocked Colombia, killing more than 1,000.
In 2000, Ten Myanmar insurgents who had captured a hospital and its staff were killed by Thai security forces.
In 2000, Martina Navratilova entered the International Tennis Hall of Fame.
In 2003, NASA launched a spacecraft into orbit to measure all the radiation streaming toward Earth from the sun.
2003, Marcus Allen was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
In 2004, NASA's Opportunity rover sent its first pictures of Mars to Earth, showing a smooth and dark red surface in some places and strewn with fragmented slabs of light bedrock in others.

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