Today In History...

In 1754, Columbia University opened.
In 1784, The U.S. treaty with Great Britain was ratified.
1790 President George Washington delivered the first "State of the Union."
1821 The first native-born American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, died.
In 1885, Dr. William W. Grant performed what is believed to be the first appendectomy on Mary Gartside, 22, in Davenport, Iowa.
1887 The first around-the-world bicycle trip ended in San Francisco after 2 years and 8 months.
In 1888, Sacramento, CA, set its all-time snowfall record of 3.5 inches.
In 1896, Utah became the 45th U.S. state.
In 1943, Soviet dictator Josef Stalin appeared on the cover of Time as the magazine's 1942 Man of the Year.
In 1948, Britain granted independence to Burma.
In 1951, During the Korean conflict, North Korean and Communist Chinese forces captured the city of Seoul.
In 1959, Luna I was the first craft to leave Earth's gravity.
1960 French author Albert Camus died in an automobile accident at age 46.
In 1962, the First unmanned subway train to run automatically opened in New York.
In 1964, Russia bought wheat from the U.S. for the first time.
In 1964, Pope Paul VI began a visit to the Holy Land as he arrived in Jerusalem.
In 1965 Poet, T.S. Eliot dies in London at age 76.
In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson outlined the goals of his "Great Society" in his State of the Union Address.
1974 President Nixon refused to hand over tape recordings and documents subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.
In 1981, The first successful "mammal cloning" occurred when scientists duplicated three mice.
In 1984, Navy Lt. Robert O. Goodman Jr., released the day before by Syria, received a hero's welcome from President Reagan.
In 1985, Ethiopia condemned the evacuation of Ethiopian Jews to Israel, a day after Israel reluctantly acknowledged it had mounted the relocation effort in previous months.
In 1987, 16 people were killed when an Amtrak train bound from Washington to Boston collided with Conrail engines approaching from a side track in Chase, Maryland.
In 1988, Drinking water began to dry up in Pittsburgh suburbs because of a massive diesel oil spill two days earlier that fouled the Monongahela and Ohio rivers.
In 1989, 2 U.S. Navy F-14s shot down 2 Libyan Mig-23 fighter jets in international waters after they "approached with hostile intent."
In 1990, Charles Stuart, who claimed to be wounded and his wife shot dead by a robber, leaps to his death off a Boston Harbor bridge after he became a suspect in the crime.
In 1990, Deposed Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega was arraigned in federal district court in Miami on drug trafficking charges.
In 1993, President-elect Clinton spoke with Russian President Boris Yeltsin about the newly signed START II treaty.
In 1994, Dr. Jack Kevorkian was charged with the 1993 suicide of a bone cancer patient.
1995 The 104th U.S. Congress convened, the first under Republican control since the Eisenhower era. Newt Gingrich was elected speaker of the House.
In 1997, Real estate mogul Harry Helmsley died in Scottsdale, AZ, at age 87.
In 1998, Israel's foreign minister, David Levy, resigned, denouncing the government of Benjamin Netanyahu for abandoning the peace process with the Arabs.
In 1999, Europe's new currency, the euro, got off to a strong start on its first trading day, rising against the dollar on world markets.
In 1999, professional wrestler Jesse Ventura was sworn in as Minnesota's 37th governor.
2000 Former presidential rival Elizabeth Dole endorsed Republican George W. Bush.
In 2000, the Nasdaq composite index suffered its worst point loss, falling by more than 225 points. Dow Jones plummets more than 350 points.
In 2003, Oscar-winning cinematographer Conrad L. Hall died at age 76.
In 2004, Wade Boggs was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.

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