Today In History...
In 1755 British General Edward Braddock is mortally wounded as his troops suffer a massive defeat near present-day Pittsburgh during the French and Indian War. His aid, Col. George Washignton, survives.
In 1776 The Declaration of Independence is read aloud to General George Washington's troops in New York.
In 1816 Argentina declares independence from Spain.
In 1850 The prophet Bab is executed in Tabriz, Iran.
In 1850 The 12th U.S. president, Zachary Taylor, dies in the White House of natural causes, after serving only 16 months.
In 1868 The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the right to due process and equal protection under the law, goes into effect.
In 1896 William Jennings Bryan caused a sensation at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago with his speech denouncing supporters of the gold standard. (Bryan went on to win the party's nomination.)
In 1918 101 are killed when an inbound local train collides with an outbound express at Nashville, Tennessee.
In 1932 The Washington Redskins (then Boston Braves) are formed.
In 1935 "Murder Man," Jimmy Stewart's first film, opens.
In 1936 New York's Central Park reaches a record high of 106 degrees.
In 1944 During World War II, American forces secure Saipan as the last Japanese defenses fell.
In 1947 The engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth to Lt. Philip Mountbatten is announced.
In 1951 President Truman asks Congress to formally end the state-of-war with Germany, following World War II.
In 1976 Uganda asks the United Nations to formerly condemn Israel for its raid on Entebbe Airport July 4 to rescue hostages held by pro-Palestinian hijackers.
In 1977 A six-foot one-inch pancake is cooked and flipped at Hampton, NH.
In 1979 Voyager II flies past Jupiter.
In 1980 Walt Disney's animated feature "The Fox & The Hound" is released.
In 1982 A Pan Am Boeing 727 crashes in Kenner, Louisiana, killing all 146 people aboard and eight on the ground.
In 1983 Kathy Wilson, the Republican head of the National Women's Political Caucus, calls on President Reagan not to seek a second term, saying he was a "dangerous man" for American Women.
In 1985 President Reagan's budget director, David A. Stockman, announces his resignation to pursue a career in private business.
In 1986 The Attorney General's Commission of Pornography releases a report linking hard-core porn to sex crimes.
In 1988 Teamsters President Jackie Presser dies at age 61.
In 1988 Dog trainer Barbara Woodhouse dies in England at age 78.
In 1989 President Bush arrives in Poland and speaks to Parliament the next day, then continues to Hungary, France and the Netherlands.
In 1990 Leaders of the world's seven richest nations open a 3-day economic summit in Houston, the first such gathering in the post-Cold Warera.
In 1991 Former CIA officer Alan D. Fiers pleads guilty to two misdemeanor charges in the Iran-Contra affair.
In 1991 The International Olympic Committee readmits South Africa.
In 1992 Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton names Senator Al Gore to be his running mate.
In 1992 CBS newsman Eric Sevareid dies in Washington at age 79.
In 1993 John Chancellor retires from NBC News after 40 years.
In 1993 The New York Post ceases publication.
In 1994 Planned talks between North Korea and South Korea are put on hold following the death of North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung.
In 1995 French commandos using tear gas to board the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior II in the South Pacific and subdue the crew.
In 1995 Pete Sampras wins the men's singles title at Wimbledon by defeating Boris Becker.
In 1996 The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agrees to $5.9 million settlement in a discrimination lawsuit brought by black agents.
In 1996 Ross Perot announces his candidacy for the Reform Party's presidential nomination.
In 1997 Leaders of 16 NATO nations, after inviting Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland to join, meet with 25 other countries in unprecedentedsecurity summit.
In 1999 A jury in Los Angeles orders General Motors to pay $4.9 billion to six people severely burned when their Chevrolet Malibu exploded in flames in a rear-end collision. (A judge later reduced the punitive damages to $1.9 billion.)
In 2000 12 people die in a soccer stampede set off when police fired tear gas at bottle-throwing fans during a World Cup qualifier between Zimbabwe and South Africa in Harare, Zimbabwe.
In 2000 Pete Sampras wins his 7th Wimbledon title as he defeated Patrick Rafter.
In 2001 A divided court in Chile rules that 85-year-old General Augusto Pinochet would not be tried on human rights charges because of his deteriorating health and mental condition.
In 2001 Goran Ivanisevic wins the men's title at Wimbledon beating Patrick Rafter.
In 2002 Academy Award-winning actor Rod Steiger dies at age 77.
In 2014 Eileen Ford, who co-founded Ford Models with her husband Jerry in 1946 -- essentially inventing the modern modeling business, and exerting enormous influence on the world's views of human beauty --dies at 92.