Today In History...

   In 1057 Macbeth, the King of Scotland, is slain by the son of King Duncan.
   In 1914 The Panama Canal passes its first ship.
   In 1918 The U.S. and Russia sever diplomatic relations.
   In 1935 Aviator Wiley Post and humorist Will Rogers are killed when their
           airplane crashes near Point Barrow, Alaska.
   In 1939 "The Wizard of Oz" premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theater in
           Hollywood, California.
   In 1944 During World War II, Allied forces land in southern France, between
           Cannes and Toulon.
   In 1945 South Korea is liberated from Japanese rule.
   In 1945 U.S. wartime rationing of gasoline and fuel oil ends.
   In 1947 India becomes independent after some 200 years of British rule.
           Jawaharlal Nehru became India's first prime minister.
   In 1948 The Republic of Korea is proclaimed.
   In 1961 East Germany begins construction on the Berlin Wall.
   In 1970 Patricia Palinkas becomes the first woman pro-football player.
   In 1971 President Nixon announces a 90-day freeze on increases of wages,
           prices and rents.
   In 1974 South Korean President Park Chung-Hee escapes an assassination
           attempt in which his wife was killed.
   In 1979 Andrew Young resigns as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations after
           criticism for an unauthorized meeting with the UN observer for the
           Palestine Liberation Organization.
   In 1979 "Apocalypse Now" opens in U.S. movie theaters.
   In 1981 Robin Leamy of the U.S. swims a record 7.98 kph for 50 minutes.
   In 1984 America's Olympic medal winners are honored with a ticker-tape
           parade in New York.
   In 1988 President Reagan bids a sentimental farewell on the first night of
           the Republican national convention in New Orleans, and praised the
           man destined to succeed him, Vice President George Bush.
   In 1989 F.W. de Klerk becomes the acting President of South Africa, one day
           after Pieter Botha resigned.
   In 1990 In an effort to gain support against a U.S.-led coalition in the
           Persian Gulf, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein offers to make peace
           with longtime enemy Iran.
   In 1991 The UN Security Council votes, 13-1, to allow Iraq to export $1.6
           billion worth of oil in a tightly controlled sale to pay for
           desperately needed food and medicine.
   In 1993 Pope John Paul II ends his four-day U.S. visit with a farewell
           address at Denver's Stapleton International Airport in which he
           denounced the "culture of death" of abortion and euthanasia.
   In 1993 An Egyptian surrenders peacefully after hijacking a Dutch jet to
           Germany to demand the U.S. release Muslim cleric Sheik Omar
   In 1994 Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, terrorist better known as "Carlos the
           Jackal," is captured is Sudan.
   In 1995 The U.S. Justice Department agrees to pay $3.1 million to white
           separatist Randy Weaver and his family to settle their claims over
           the killing of Weaver's wife and son during a 1992 siege by federal
           agents at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
   In 1995 Pioneering TV journalist John Cameron Swayze dies at age 89.
   In 1996 Bob Dole claims the Republican presidential nomination at the
           party's convention in San Diego.
   In 1996 Frederick Martin Davidson, a graduate student at San Diego State
           was later sentenced to three life terms in prison).
   In 1997 The U.S. government expands its recall of ground beef sold under the
           Hudson brand name to 1.2 million pounds because of new evidence of
           possible contamination by E. coli bacteria.
   In 1999 Tiger Woods wins the PGA Championship, becoming the youngest player
           to win two majors since Seve Ballesteros.
   In 2000 British Airways joins Air France in grounding its Concorde
           supersonic jets in the wake of the July 25 crash near Paris that
           claimed 113 lives.
   In 2001 A Texas appeals court halts the execution of Napoleon Beazley just
           hours before he was scheduled to die for a murder he had committed
           as a teenager. He was executed the following May.
   In 2001 Astronomers announce the discovery of the first solar system outside
           our own.
   In 2003 Bouncing back from the largest blackout in U.S. history, cities
           from the Midwest to Manhattan restore power to millions of people.


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