Today In History...
In 1799 Napoleon becomes dictator of France.
In 1865 General Lee surrenders to Union General Grant at Appomattox.
In 1872 Nearly 1000 buildings are destroyed in a 3-day fire in Boston.
In 1895 The first U.S. women's amateur golf championship takes place.
In 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates to the Netherlands after Germany is defeated during World War I.
In 1924 Miriam Ferguson becomes first elected female governor of Texas.
In 1935 United Mine Workers president John L. Lewis and other labor leaders form the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) as part of the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
In 1938 German Nazis begin all-out persecution of the Jews.
In 1940 Germany invades Norway and Denmark during World War II.
In 1953 The U.S. Supreme Court upholds a 1922 ruling that major-league baseball did not come within the scope of federal anti-trust laws.
In 1953 Author and poet Dylan Thomas dies in New York at age 39.
In 1963 450 miners are killed in a coal-dust explosion in Japan, and on the same day 160 people die in a train crash.
In 1964 The comic strip "The Wizard of Id" by Parker and Hart premieres.
In 1965 The Great Northeast Blackout occurs with a giant power failure in New England and Ontario Canada for 13 hours.
In 1967 A Saturn V rocket carrying an unmanned Apollo spacecraft is successfully launched from Cape Kennedy.
In 1970 Former French president Charles DeGaulle dies at age 79.
In 1976 The U.N. General Assembly approves 10 resolutions condemning apartheid in South Africa.
In 1977 The world's largest ship "Pierre Guillaumat," is launched.
In 1981 First lady Nancy Reagan embarks on her anti-drug campaign.
In 1982 Richard L. Trumka is elected president of the United Mine Workers, defeating incumbent Sam M. Church, Jr.
In 1983 President Reagan arrives in Tokoyo to begin a week-long visit to Japan and South Korea for talks on economic and security issues.
In 1987 Senate Minority Leader Bob Dole formally announces a bid for the Republican presidential nomination.
In 1988 Former Attorney General John Mitchell, a major figure in the Nixon Watergate scandal, dies at age 75.
In 1989 Communist East Germany opens its borders, allowing citizens to freely travel to the West.
In 1990 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev signs a historic non-agression treaty with Germany.
In 1991 President Bush returns from a four-day European trip that includeda NATO summit.
In 1991 Singer/actor Yves Montand dies near Paris, France, at age 70.
In 1992 During a visit to London, Russian President Boris Yeltsin appeals for help in rescheduling his country's debt, and urged British businesses to invest.
In 1993 Vice President Al Gore and Ross Perot debate the North AmericanFree Trade Agreement on CNN's "Larry King Live."
In 1994 A day after Republicans won majorities in both the House andSenate, President Clinton and the GOP pledged cooperation.
In 1996 Evander Holyfield upsets Mike Tyson to win the WBA heavyweighttitle in an 11-round fight in Las Vegas.
In 1997 Researchers in Boston say they have, for the first time ever, used gene therapy to reverse a human illness.
In 1997 A Boeing 707 jetliner carrying First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton is forced to return to Andrews Air Force Base outside Washington after a sensor indicated an engine fire. It was a false alarm.
In 1998 The age of digital and interactive TV opens with a PBS documentary special, "Chihuly Over Venice."
In 1999 Germany celebrates the 10th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1999 The flight data recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 is recovered from the Atlantic Ocean and shipped to a laboratory in Washington.
In 2003 Actor, Art Carney (Ed Norton-"The Honeymooners") dies at age 85.
In 2004 Roger Clemens wins his record seventh Cy Young Award.