Today In History...

In 1864
Forces led by Union General Samuel R. Curtis defeat Confederate General Stirling Price's army in Missouri, during the Civil War.

In 1910
Blanche Scott becomes the first woman to make a solo, public airplane flight, reaching an altitude of 12 feet as she sailed across a park in Fort Wayne, Indiana.

In 1915
25,000 women march in New York City demanding the right to vote.

In 1941
Walt Disney's full-length animated feature "Dumbo" is released.

In 1942
During World War II, Britain launches a major offensive against the Axis Powers at El Alamein, Egypt.

In 1944
During World War II the Japanese navy, unable to halt American landings on the island of Leyte, suffer the staggering loss of 34 ships in the battle.

In 1946
The United Nations convenes in New York for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing Meadow.

In 1956
The ill-fated revolt in Communist Hungary starts and is later crushed by Soviet tanks.

In 1956
First video recording on magnetic tape is televised coast-to-coast.

In 1958
Soviet poet and author of "Dr. Zhivago," Boris Pasternak is awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.

In 1973
"Pipin" opens on Broadway.

In 1973
President Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings requested by the Watergate special prosecutor to Judge John J. Sirica.

In 1977
By majority, Panamanians vote to approve the new Canal treaties.

In 1978
China and Japan sign a treaty ending 4 decades of hostility.

In 1979
The U.S. Congress approves a standby gasoline rationing plan.

In 1980
Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin resigns, due to illness.

In 1983
241 U.S. Marines and sailors are killed by a suicide truck-bomber who crashed into the U.S. compound at Beirut International Airport.

In 1984
"NBC Nightly News" airs BBC-TV footage of the drought in Ethiopia, resulting in an outpouring of charitable contributions.

In 1985
Chrysler Corp. and the United Auto Workers union reach a tentative agreement on a new contract.

In 1986
The Reagan administration declares a cease-fire in its diplomatic dispute with the Soviet Union, saying it would not retaliate for the expulsion of five more American diplomats from Moscow.

In 1987
The U.S. Senate rejects, 58-42, the Supreme Court nomination of Robert H. Bork.

In 1989
Racial tensions mount in Boston after Charles Stuart called to report the shooting of himself and his pregnant wife by a black robber. Carol Stuart and her prematurely delivered baby died; Charles Stuart later died, an apparent suicide, after being implicated.

In 1989
Twenty-three people are killed in an explosion at Phillips Petroleum Company's chemical complex in Pasadena, Texas.

In 1991
Cambodia's warring factions and representatives of 18 other nations sign a peace treaty in Paris.

In 1992
President Bush announces that Vietnam had agreed to turn over all materials related to U.S. personnel in the Vietnam War.

In 1992
Japanese Emperor Akihito begins a visit to China, the first by a Japanese monarch.

In 1992
A French court convicts 3 former health officials of charges they knowingly allowed blood tainted with the AIDS virus to be used in transfusions.

In 1993
The Toronto Blue Jays repeat as baseball champions as they defeated the Philadelphia Phillies, 8-6, in Game 6 of the World Series.

In 1993
An IRA bomb explodes in Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing 10 people, including an IRA operative.

In 1994
A suicide bomber in Colombo, Sri Lanka, kills 50 people including Gamini Dissanayake, the opposition candidate for president.

In 1995
After a meeting in the Hudson Valley, Russian President Boris Yeltsin announces accord with President Clinton that Russian troops would help enforce peace in Bosnia.

In 1996
Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole tries to persuade Ross Perot to quit the race and endorse the GOP ticket, but Perot refuses.

In 1996
The civil trial of O.J. Simpson opens in Santa Monica, CA (Simpson was later found liable in the deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ron Goldman).

In 1997
America's Makah Indians win the right to resume their traditional whale hunts for the first time in 70 years.

In 1998
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a breakthrough land-for-peace West Bank accord.

In 1998
Dr. Barnett Slepian, a doctor who performed abortions, is murdered in upstate New York home.

In 1999
16 members of the Ku Klux Klan hold a silent rally in New York City as thousands of counter-demonstrators jeered them.

In 2000
Actors who appear in TV and radio commercials ended 6-month strike against the advertising industry.

In 2000
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright holds talks in North Korea with communist leader Kim Jong Il.

In 2001
The Irish Republican Army says it had begun to disarm for the first time.

In 2001
After two back-to-back failed Mars missions, a NASA team celebrates as the 2001 Mars Odyssey went into orbit around the Red Planet.

In 2004
A 6.8-magnitude earthquake in northern Japan kills 40 people.


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