Today In History...

In 632 The Prophet Mohammed dies. Mohammed's teachings, recorded in the Koran, forged a new religion, Islam.

In 1786 The first commercially-made ice cream is sold in New York, NY.

In 1845 Andrew Jackson, the 7th U.S. president, dies in Nashville, TN.

In 1861 Tennessee secedes from the Union.

In 1869 Chicago inventor Ives McGaffey patents the vacuum cleaner.

In 1876 Author George Sand dies in Nohant, France.

In 1905 President Theodore Roosevelt offers to act as a mediator in the Russo-Japanese War.

In 1915 Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns in a disagreement over U.S. handling of the sinking of the Lusitania.

In 1917 Walt Disney graduates from Benton High School.

In 1953 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that restaurants in the District of Columbia could not refuse to serve blacks.

In 1953 Tornados kill more than 110 in Michigan and Ohio.

In 1966 A merger is announced between the National Football League and the American Football Leagues, to take effect in 1970.

In 1967 34 U.S. servicemen are killed when Israeli forces raided the Liberty, a Navy ship stationed in the Mediterranean. Israel called the attack a tragic mistake.

In 1968 Authorities announce the capture of James Earl Ray, suspected of the assassination of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King.

In 1975 The Soviet Union launches Venera 9 to Venus.

In 1978 A jury in Clark County, Nevada, rules that so-called "Morman will," purportedly written by the late billionaire Howard Hughes, was a forgery.

In 1981 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that women may sue their employers if they are paid less than men for essentially the same job.

In 1982 President Reagan becomes the first American chief executive to address a joint session of British Parliament.

In 1983 President Reagan unveils a new arms control proposal offering the Kremlin a choice of curbing nuclear arsenals either through numerical limits on missiles and warheads, or a ceiling on their combined destructive power.

In 1984 On the second day of their London summit, leaders of the world's seven major industrial democracies issue a 500-word statement affirming their belief in freedom, equality and progress.

In 1986 Alleged Nazi Kurt Waldheim is elected president of Austria.

In 1987 Soviets bug the new U.S. Embassy under construction in Moscow.

In 1987 Japanese electronic goods tariffs are partially lifted by President Reagan.

In 1988 The judge in the Iran Contra conspiracy case rules that Oliver North, John Poindexter, Richard Secord and Albert Hakim had to be tried separately.

In 1989 Chinese Premier Li Peng appears on television, praising a group of army soldiers for their role in crushing the student-led TiananmenSquare democracy movement.

In 1990 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir announces he had succeeded in forming a new right-wing coalition government.

In 1992 Secretary of State James A. Baker and Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev meet in Washington to discuss strategic arms cuts.

In 1993 Los Angeles voters elect their first Republican mayor since 1961, choosing Richard Riordan over City Councilman Michael Woo.

In 1994 Bosnia's warring factions agree to a one-month cease-fire.

In 1995 The Cuban government arrests Robert Vesco, who fled the U.S. in 1973 to avoid swindling charges.

In 1995 The U.S. Marines rescue Captain Scott O'Grady, whose F-16 fighter jet was shot down over Bosnia on June 2.

In 1995 Baseball's Mickey Mantle receives a liver transplant at a Dallas hospital but died two months later.

In 1996 China sets off an underground nuclear test blast.

In 1997 The Iranian parliament ratifies a UN pact aimed at eliminating chemical weapons.

In 1997 Irish Prime Minister John Bruton concedes a narrow defeat in national elections to opposition leader Bertie Ahern.

In 1998 Rail regulators approve a $10 billion proposal to dismantle Conrail and restore competition in Northeast markets.

In 1998 The space shuttle Discovery pulls away from Mir, ending America's 3-year partnership with Russia.

In 1998 Nigerian dictator Sani Abacha dies at age 54.

In 1999 The U.S., Russia and six leading democracies authorized a text calling for a peacekeeping force in Kosovo.

In 1999 President Clinton announces new restrictions aimed at making it tougher for teens to sneak into R-rated movies.

In 2000 Britain's defense attache is killed in ambush in Greece.

In 2002 Lennox Lewis keeps his heavyweight titles by stopping Mike Tyson in the eighth round of their fight in Memphis, Tennessee.

In 2003 Annika Sorenstam wins the LPGA Championship for her 5th major title.

In 2003 George Foreman is inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame.

In 2004 In a celestial rarity, Venus lines up between the sun and the Earth.


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