Today In History...
In 1862 Dr. Gatling patents the machine gun.
In 1880 The first cash register is patented by James and John Ritty of Dayton, Ohio.
In 1884 Democrat Grover Cleveland is elected to his first term as president, defeating Republican James G. Blaine.
In 1904 Harvard stadium is the first facility built for football.
In 1922 Howard Carter discovers the entrance of King Tutankhamen's tomb in Egypt.
In 1924 Nellie T. Ross of Wyoming is elected the nation's first female governor so that she could serve out the remaining term of her late husband, William B. Ross.
In 1939 The Packard, the first air conditioned automobile, is exhibited in Chicago, Illinois.
In 1939 The U.S. modifies its neutrality stance in World War II, allowing "cash and carry" purchases of arms by belligerents, a policy that favored Britain and France.
In 1942 During World War II, Axis forces retreat from El Alamein in North Africa in a major victory for British forces commanded by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
In 1946 The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization forms.
In 1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected the 34th U.S. president, defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson.
In 1956 Israeli troops reach the Suez Canal for the first time.
In 1956 Soviet troops move in to crush the Hungarian Revolution.
In 1979 500 students seize the U.S. embassy in Iran and take 90 hostages. For 52 of them, it is the start of 444 days in captivity.
In 1980 Republican Ronald Reagan is elected President in a landslide over President Jimmy Carter.
In 1981 The launch of Space Shuttle Discovery is scrubbed with 31 seconds left in the countdown because of problems with auxiliary power.
In 1982 The FDA requires tamper-proof packaging on certain drugs.
In 1983 President Reagan attends a ceremony at the Camp Lejeune Marine base and pays homage to the U.S. servicemen killed in Lebanon and Grenada.
In 1984 Nicaragua holds its first free elections in 56 years.
In 1985 Soviet defector Vitaly Yurchenko announces he was returning to the Soviet Union, charging he had been kidnapped by the CIA.
In 1986 Democrats win a majority of the U.S. Senate during general elections, ending up with 55 seats.
In 1987 6-year-old Lisa Steinberg is pronounced legally dead at a New York City hospital in a child-abuse case sparking national outrage.
In 1988 In a ceremony at O'Hare International Airport in Chicago, President Reagan signs a measure providing for U.S. participation in an anti-genocide treaty signed by President Truman in 1948.
In 1990 Douglas Wakiihuri of Kenya and Wanda Panfil of Poland win the New York City Marathon.
In 1991 Ronald Reagan opens his presidential library in Simi Valley, CA, with a dedication ceremony attended by President Bush and former presidents Jimmy Carter, Gerald R. Ford and Richard M. Nixon.
In 1992 Iran announces the arrest of American businessman Milton Meier, who had lived in Iran for 17 years, on charges of illegal business dealings and espionage.
In 1993 The White House challenges Ross Perot to a debate on the North American Free Trade Agreement with Vice President Al Gore.
In 1995 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated at a peace rally in Tel Aviv. Law student Yigal Amir is arrested and confesses.
In 1996 Pakistan's president dismisses government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
In 1997 Iraq agrees to postpone the expulsion of American weapons inspectors until after UN envoys finished their mission.
In 2000 Yugoslavia's parliament approves the country's first communist-free government in more than half a century.
In 2000 President Clinton vetoes a bill that would have criminalized the leaking of government secrets.
In 2001 Hurricane Michelle hits Cuba, forcing the government to shut down power for much of the island's 750,000 people.
In 2001 The Arizona Diamondbacks win their first World Series, beating the New York Yankees, 3-2, in game seven.
In 2003 Firefighters in San Diego County contain the biggest and deadliest of Southern California's wildfires.