Today In History...
In 1833 Andrew Johnson becomes the first U.S. president to ride a train.
In 1844 The Young Men's Christian Organization (YMCA) is founded in London.
In 1850 Levi Strauss makes his first blue jeans.
In 1882 The electric iron is patented by Henry W. Seely.
In 1918 The World War I Battle of Belleau Wood, which resulted in a U.S. victory over the Germans, begins in France.
In 1925 Walter Percy Chrysler founded Chrysler Corporation.
In 1932 U.S. Federal tax is enacted on gasoline.
In 1933 The first drive-in theatre opens in Camden, New Jersey.
In 1934 The Securities And Exchange Commission is established.
In 1936 Aviation gasoline is first produced commercially in Paulsboro, NJ.
In 1942 Adeline Gray makes the first nylon parachute jump in Hartford, CT.
In 1942 During World War II, Japanese forces retreat in the Battle of Midway.
In 1944 The D-Day invasion of Europe takes place during World War II as Allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy, France.
In 1946 Henry Morgan is first to take of his shirt on television.
In 1966 Black activist James Meredith is shot and wounded as he walked along a Mississippi highway to encourage black voter registration.
In 1968 Senator Robert Kennedy dies at 1:44am PT at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles, 25 1/2 hours after he was shot at the Ambassador Hotel by Sirhan Bishara Sirhan. He was 42.
In 1971 Soyuz 11 takes 3 cosmonauts to the Salyut 1 space station.
In 1975 British voters decide to remain on the Common Market.
In 1977 The U.S. Supreme Court rules states could not impose an automatic death sentence for defendants convicted of murdering a police officer.
In 1978 California voters overwhelmingly approve Proposition 13, a primary ballot initiative calling for major cuts in property taxes.
In 1978 The ABC-TV news magazine "20/20" debuts.
In 1982 Israel invades Lebanon to drive out the Palestine Liberation Organization fighters out of the country. The Israelis withdrew in June 1985.
In 1983 A jury in Los Angeles decides in favor of CBS-TV, anchorman Dan Rather and a CBS producer in a slander suit brought by a doctor who said he was defamed by a 1979 "60 Minutes" report.
In 1984 Government forces in India storm the Golden Temple in Amritsar in an effort to crush Sikh extremists. At least 1,000 Sikhs and 200 soldiers were killed.
In 1985 Authorities in Embu, Brazil, exhume a body later identified as the remains of Dr. Josef Mengele, the notorious "Angel of Death" of the Nazi Holocaust.
In 1986 President Reagan asks for $100 million in military and other assistance to rebels fighting the Nicaraguan government.
In 1988 Morton Thiolol Inc., which built the booster rocket involved in the 1986 Challenger explosion, announces it would not bid for the contract to build new rocket motors for the space shuttles.
In 1989 Ayatollah Khomeini is buried after an incident in which a mob of mourners dump his body onto the ground and rip souvenirs from his shroud.
In 1991 NATO issues a statement saying it would not accept any "coercion or intimidation" against the emerging democracies of Eastern Europe.
In 1991 NBC announces Jay Leno will replace Johnny Carson on May 25, 1992.
In 1993 The Golden Venture freighter holding 300 illegal aliens ran aground off New York; up to 10 Chinese died after jumping overboard.
In 1994 President Clinton and leaders from other World War II Allied nations celebrate the 50th anniversary of D-Day in Normandy, France.
In 1994 A Chinese passenger jet crashes, killing all 160 people.
In 1995 U.S astronaut Norman Thagard breaks NASA's space endurance record of 84 days, 1 hour, 16 minutes aboard the Russian space station Mir.
In 1997 Timothy McVeigh's lawyer pleads with a jury to spare the life of the convicted Oklahoma City bomber. (He was executed on 6-11-2001.)
In 1998 The UN Security Council demands India and Pakistan refrain from further nuclear tests and sign nuclear control agreements.
In 2000 Unilever agrees to buy Best foods for $20.3 billion, creating the world's biggest food company.
In 2001 Democrats formally assume control of the U.S. Senate after Vermont Republican James Jeffords became an independent.
In 2001 A jury in Los Angeles awards more than $3 billion to lifelong smoker Richard Boeken, saying Philip Morris was responsible for his incurable lung cancer. (The award was reduced to $100 million.)
In 2003 NBC secures the contracts for the 2010 and 2012 Olympics games for $2.2 billion.
In 2004 Phylicia Rashad, who starred in "A Raisin in the Sun," becomes the first black actress to win a Tony for a leading dramatic role.