Today In History...
In 1794 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America's cotton industry.
In 1812 The U.S. congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812.
In 1883 German political philosopher Karl Marx dies in London.
In 1900 U.S. currency goes on the gold standard.
In 1903 The first national bird reservation is established in Sebastian, Florida.
In 1923 President Warren Harding becomes the first U.S. president to file an income tax return.
In 1939 The republic of Czechoslovakia is dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation.
In 1950 The FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program begins.
In 1951 During the Korean War, United Nations forces recapture Seoul.
In 1964 A jury in Dallas finds Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy.
In 1965 Israel's cabinet formally approves establishment of diplomatic relations with West Germany.
In 1967 The body of President Kennedy is moved from a temporary grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington National Cemetery.
In 1968 The last episode of "Batman" airs on ABC-TV.
In 1972 Burt Reynolds becomes the first male nude centerfold when the April edition of Cosmopolitan magazine hit the newsstands.
In 1975 Actress Susan Hayward dies at age 56.
In 1980 A Polish airliner crashes while making an emergency landing near Warsaw, killing all 87 people aboard, including 22 members of the U.S. amateur boxing team.
In 1983 OPEC cuts oil prices for the first time in 23 years.
In 1984 George McGovern dropped out of the Democratic presidential race after finishing third in Massachusetts in the Super Tuesday primaries.
In 1985 U.S. and Soviet negotiators begin their first full session of renewed arms talks in Geneva, Switzerland.
In 1986 European Space Agency's Giotto flies by Halley's Comet (540 km).
In 1986 Robert McDonald sets the record for going without sleep at 453 hours, 40 minutes (19 days).
In 1986 President Reagan announces he had sent Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev a "new, very specific and far-reaching proposal" on nuclear testing.
In 1987 The U.S. Coast Guard rescues 37 Soviets from a sinking freighter.
In 1988 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir arrives in Washington with what he called new ideas for Middle East peace talks.
In 1989 President Bush bans imports of Uzi, AK-47 and some other types of assault weapons after a Chinese-made AK-47 is used in a Stockton schoolyard massacre killing 5 children.
In 1989 Lebanese hijacker Fawaz Younis is convicted in federal court of commandeering a Jordanian airliner and holding 70 hostages, including two Americans.
In 1990 The Soviet Congress elects Mikhail S. Gorbachev to the country's new, powerful presidency.
In 1990 The U.S., Soviet Union, Britain, France, and West and East Germany hold their first formal meeting on reunifying the German states.
In 1991 Four white police officers are indicted by a Los Angeles grand jury in connection with the beating of a black motorist, Rodney King.
In 1991 A British court reverses the convictions of the "Birmingham Six," who had spent 16 years in prison for an Irish Republican Army bombing, and ordered them released.
In 1994 Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell, a longtime friend of President and Mrs. Clinton, resigns because of controversy over billings he'd charged while in private law practice.
In 1994 Secretary of State Warren Christopher wraps up 3 days of meetings with Chinese leaders, who rejected attempts to link their human rights record with preferred trade status.
In 1995 American astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket.
In 1996 Steve Forbes drops his $30 million quest for Republican presidential nomination.
In 1997 President Clinton is hospitalized with knee injury, caused by a freak stumble at the Florida home of golfer Greg Norman.
In 1998 An earthquake leaves 10,000 homeless in southeastern Iran.
In 1998 India's Congress party chose Sonia Gandhi, the Italian-born widow of assassinated prime minister Rajiv Gandhi, as its new president.
In 1998 An earthquake kills at least five people and left thousands homeless in southeastern Iran.
In 2000 Defending champion Doug Swingley drives his dog team to victory in the Iditarod race.
In 2001 Inspectors tightened U.S. defenses against foot-and-mouth disease a day after a case was confirmed in France.
In 2003 Actor Robert Blake is released from jail on $1.5 million bail, 11 months after he was arrested on charges of murdering his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley.
In 2004 Russian President Vladimir Putin wins a second term.