Today In History.

In 1535 Henry VIII declares himself head of the English Church.

In 1559 England's Queen Elizabeth I is crowned in Westminister Abbey.

In 1777 People of New Connecticut (now Vermont) declare their independence.

In 1844 The University of Norte Dame receives its charter from the state of Indiana.

In 1861 The steam elevator is patented by Elisha Otis.

In 1870 The Democratic party is represented as a donkey for the first time in a cartoon by Thomas Nast is Harper's Weekly.

In 1892 The rules of basketball are published for the first time, in Springfield, MA, where the game originated.

In 1919 Pianst and statesman Ignance Paderewski becomes the first premeirof the newly-created republic of Poland.

In 1942 Jawaharlal Nehru succeeds Mohandas K. Gandhi as head of India's National Congress Party.

In 1943 Work is completed on the Pentagon, headquarters of the UnitedStates Department of Defense, at a cost of $83 million.

In 1967 The Green Bay Packers defeat the Kansas City Chiefs, 35-10, in the first Super Bowl.

In 1968 Soyuz 5 is launched.

In 1973 Pope Paul VI has an audience with Golda Meir at the Vatican.

In 1973 President Nixon announces the suspension of all U.S. offensive action in North Vietnam, citing progress in peace negotiations.

In 1974 The sitcom "Happy Days" premieres on ABC-TV.

In 1976 Sara Jane Moore is sentenced to life in prison for trying to assassinate President Gerald Ford.

In 1978 Lisa Levy and Margaret Brown, two students at Florida State in Tallahassee, are murdered in their sorority house.

In 1981 "Hill Street Blues" premieres on NBC-TV.

In 1983 Underworld figure Meyer Lansky dies at age 81.

In 1985 Brazilian opposition leader Tancredo de Almeida Neves is overwhelmingly elected president. (However, Neves died before he could be inaugurated.)

In 1986 Mikhail Gorbachev proposes a plan to eliminate nuclear weapons by the year 2000.

In 1987 Entertainer Ray Bolger, best known for his role as the Scarecrow in "The Wizard Of Oz," dies in Los Angeles at age 83.

In 1988 In Jerusalem, riot police charge into the Al Aqsa and Dome of the Rock mosques after worshipers beat a policeman and stole his pistol during some of the worst clashes seen on the revered Temple Mount.

In 1990 Soviet leader Gorbachev and the Soviet Presidium declare a state of emergency in parts of Azerbaijan and Armenia in the wake of escalating ethnic violence.

In 1990 A computer problem disrupts AT&T's long-distance service for about nine hours, keeping millions of calls from being completed.

In 1991 With hours remaining before a UN deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar makes a final appeal to Saddam Hussein to remove his troops.

In 1992 The Yugoslav federation, founded in 1918, effectively collapses as the European Community recognized the republics of Croatia and Slovenia.

In 1993 n Paris, a historic disarmament ceremony ends with the last of 125 countries signing a treaty banning chemical weapons.

In 1995 Israeli military aircraft target Palestinian guerrillas in 13 sorties south of Beirut, killing three people and wounding four.

In 1996 Ailing Greek Premier Andreas Papandreou resigns.

In 1997 The space shuttle Atlantis docks with the Russian space station Mir for U.S. crew swap 240 miles above Earth.

In 1997 A bitterly divided Israeli Cabinet agrees to withdraw troops from most of Hebron and rural West Bank areas.

In 1997 The crews of the shuttle Atlantis and the Russian space station Mir have a joyful meeting, hours after their spacecraft had docked.

In 2001 President-elect Bush marks the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday at an elementary school in Houston.

In 2002 Attorney General John Ashhcroft said that John Walker Lindh, 20,the Californian who had fought alongside the Taliban in Afghanistan, would be charged with conspiracy to kill U.S. citizens. (Lindh received a 20-year sentence.)

In 2009 US Airways Flight 1549 makes an emergency landing into the icy Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in NewYork.

In 2009 ll passengers and crew members survive. Known as "Miracle on theHudson."

In 2011 Wikipedia the free internet encyclopedia turns 10 years old.

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