Today In History...

In 1586 English colonists sail from Roanoke Island (North Carolina) after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in America.
In 1862 Slavery is outlawed in the U.S. territories.
In 1905 The first nickelodeon opens in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
In 1910 Father's Day is celebrated for the first time in Spokane, WA.
In 1917 During World War I, King George V orders the British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames. The family took the name Windsor.
In 1934 The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is created.
In 1940 "Brenda Starr," the first cartoon strip drawn by a woman, appears in Chicago.
In 1945 Millions of New Yorkers turned out to cheer General Dwight D. Eisenhower, who was honored with a parade.
In 1952 The celebrity-panel game show "I've Got A Secret" debuts on CBS-TV with Garry Moore as its host.
In 1953 Julius and Ethel Rosenburg, convicted of passing U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union, are executed at Sing Sing Prison in New York.
In 1961 The U.S. Supreme Court strikes down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state office holders to belief in existence of God.
In 1963 Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova returns to earth after spending nearly 3 days as the first woman in space.
In 1964 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 survives an 83-day filibuster in the U.S. Senate and is approved by a vote of 73-27.
In 1970 Soyuz 9 returns to Earth.
In 1972 Hurricane Agnes begins a 8-day sweep from Florida up the East Coast claiming more than 120 lives and causing damage all way up to Maine.
In 1973 The "Rocky Horror Picture Show" opens in London.
In 1973 Baseball greats Pete Rose and Willie Davis both get career hit number 2000.
In 1976 U.S. Viking I orbits Mars after a 10-month flight from Earth.
In 1977 Pope Paul VI proclaims 19th-century Philadelphia bishop, John Neumann, the first male U.S. saint.
In 1977 he crew of the Space Shuttle Challenger launch the Indonesian-owned Palapa B communications satellite into orbit.
In 1978 The comic strip "Garfield," created by Jim Davis, first appears in newspapers.
In 1984 A new movie rating, PG-13 goes into effect.
In 1985 Leftist guerrillas in El Salvador shoot and kill 13 people, including six Americans, four of whom were U.S. Marines.
In 1986 Artificial heart recipient Murray P. Haydon dies in Louisville, KY.
In 1986 Len Bias, the first pick of NBA basketball team Boston Celtics, dies of a cocaine overdose.
In 1987 The U.S. Supreme Court strikes down a Louisiana law requiring any public school teaching the theory of evolution to teach creationism science as well.
In 1988 Leaders of the world's seven wealthiest industrial democracies open a 3-day economic summit in Toronto.
In 1989 "Batman," starring Michael Keaton and Jack Nicholson premieres.
In 1989 Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose sues baseball, arguing that Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti should be prevented from hearing allegations that Rose gambled on baseball games.
In 1990 Opening statements are presented in the drug and perjury trial of Washington, DC, Mayor Marion S. Barry Jr. (Barry was later convicted of a single count of misdemeanor drug possession, and sentenced to six months in prison.)
In 1991 Newly elected Russian President Boris Yeltsin lobbies Congress during a Washington visit as he sought closer ties.
In 1991 Pablo Escobar, head of Colombia's Medellin drug cartel, surrenders to authorities.
In 1991 Actress Jean Arthur ("Mr. Smith Goes To Washington") dies at age 90.
In 1992 "Batman Returns" opens nationally.
In 1992 Russian President Boris Yeltsin addresses the Canadian Parliament, saying his country had abandoned totalitarianism for democracy.
In 1992 Irish voters overwhelmingly approve the Maastricht Treaty on a European union.
In 1993 Nobel Prize-winning author Sir William Golding dies at age 81.
In 1994 Former President Jimmy Carter, just returned from North Korea, said he believed the crisis with Pyongyang was over following talks with North Korean President Kim Il Sung.
In 1995 Harry Wu, a Chinese-born American human rights activist, is detained as he tries to enter China. He was jailed for 66 days before being expelled.
In 1996 Chief executives from seven states, police, state attorneys general and members of Congress meet with President Clinton to discuss ways of stopping the recent torching of black churches.
In 1997 McDonald's wins a libel case in London against two vegetarian activists.
In 1998 Gateway is fined more than $400,000 for illegally shipping personal computers to 16 countries subject to U.S. export controls.
In 1999 Britain's Prince Edward marries commoner Sophie Rhys-Jones in Windsor, England.
In 1999 The Dallas Stars win the Stanley Cup, defeating the Buffalo Sabres, 2-1, in Game 6, which had gone into triple overtime.
In 1999 Italy is chosen as the site of the 2006 Winter Olympic Games.
In 2000 Hundreds of fans torch police cars, vandalize businesses and set bonfires in streets during celebration of the Los Angeles Lakers' first NBA championship in 12 years.
In 2000 The U.S. Supreme Court reaffirms, 6-3, that prayer in public schools had to be private, barring officials from letting students lead stadium crowds in prayer before football games.
In 2000 Former Japanese Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita dies at age 76.
In 2001 Drug kingpin Juan Raul Garza receives a chemical injection and became the second inmate in 8 days to be executed by the U.S. government (following Timothy McVeigh).
In 2001 A jury in San Jose, CA, convicts Andrew Burnett of tossing a little dog to its death on a busy highway in a bout of road rage. He was sentenced to three years in prison.


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