Today In History...
In 1769 Frontiersman Daniel Boone begins exploring present-day Kentucky.
In 1776 Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposes to the Continental Congress a resolution calling for a Declaration of Independence.
In 1854 The YMCA is established nationally.
In 1863 Mexico City is captured by French troops.
In 1864 President Lincoln is nominated for a second term at his party's convention ins Baltimore, Maryland.
In 1862 William Bruce Mumford, a retired gambler in New Orleans, becomes the first U.S. citizen to be tried and hung for treason (for removing and desecrating the American Flag over the New Orleans Mint).
In 1870 Thomas S. Hall patents the automatic electric block railroad signal.
In 1892 The Republican National Convention begins meeting in Minneapolis. In the days that followed, the delegates nominated President Harrison for re-election.
In 1919 New York begins requiring written tests for driver's license applicants.
In 1929 The sovereign state of Vatican City comes into existence as copies of the Lateran Treaty are exchanged in Rome.
In 1939 King George VI and his wife, Queen Elizabeth, arrive at Niagara Falls, New York, from Canada on the first visit to the U.S. by a
In 1939 reigning British monarch.
In 1948 The Communists complete their takeover Czechoslovakia with the resignation of President Eduard Benes.
In 1953 The first color TV network telecast takes place in compatible color.
In 1955 Dwight Eisenhower becomes the first President to appear on television in color.
In 1965 Gemini IV completes 62 orbits.
In 1965 An 1879 Connecticut law banning the use of contraceptives is ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1967 Author-critic Dorothy Parker dies in New York.
In 1968 Sirhan Sirhan is indicted for the Robert Kennedy assassination.
In 1972 German Chancellor Willy Brandt visits Israel.
In 1977 Anita Bryant leads a successful crusade against Miami gay laws.
In 1980 A better than 50 to 1 long shot, Temperance Hill wins the Belmont Stakes in New York.
In 1981 Israeli military planes destroy a nuclear power plant in Iraq, a facility the Israelis charged could have been used to make nuclear weapons.
In 1982 President Reagan flys to Rome for a six-hour visit that included a meeting with Pope John Paul II, then travels to London for a welcome from Queen Elizabeth II.
In 1982 The U.S. expels 21 Nicaraguan diplomats one day after the Sandinistas expelled three U.S. diplomats, charging them with plotting to kill Nicaragua's foreign minister.
In 1985 The Israeli-backed South Lebanon army seizes 24 Finnish United Nations soldiers; all were later released.
In 1988 Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis clinches the Democratic presidential nomination by defeating the Rev. Jesse Jackson in the New Jersey, California, Montana and New Mexico primaries.
In 1989 169 people are killed when a Suriname Airways DC-8 crashes in a tropical rain forest near the Paramaribo airport.
In 1990 South African President F.W. de Klerk announces he was lifting a 4-year-old state of emergency in three of the country's four provinces, with the exception of Natal.
In 1991 A U.S. District Court judge rejects KQED-TV/San Francisco's request to televise the execution of convicted murderer Robert Alton Harris.
In 1993 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that religious groups can sometimes meet on school property after hours.
In 1993 Woody Allen loses his bitter custody battle against Mia Farrow.
In 1994 Russian fighter jets force a U.S. transport plane to land at the Black Sea city of Sochi, saying aircraft violated Russian airspace.
In 1994 President Clinton addresses the French National Assembly.
In 1994 Twelve-year-old Vicki Van Meter of Meadville, PA, completes a trans-Atlantic flight, landing in Glasgow, Scotland. She's believed to be the youngest girl to pilot a plane to Europe.
In 1995 President Clinton vetoes his first bill, striking down a plan to cut $16.4 billion in spending.
In 1997 To help stalled peace talks, Israel agrees to temporarily halt construction of Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
In 1997 An 18-member presidential commission approves a report saying that cloning a human being was "morally unacceptable," but adding that research using cells of humans and animals should be allowed.
In 1998 James Byrd Jr., a 49-year-old black man, was chained to a pickup truck and dragged to his death by 3 white men in Jasper, Texas.
In 1999 The FBI put alleged terrorist mastermind Osama Bin Laden on its Ten Most Wanted list.
In 1999 Gunmen kill popular Mexican TV host Francisco "Paco" Stanley.
In 2000 A federal judge orders the breakup of Microsoft, the most dramatic antitrust breakup since AT&T in 1984.
In 2002 Kennedy cousin Michael Skakel is convicted in Norwalk, CT, of beating Greenwich neighbor Martha Moxley to death when they were 15 in 1975.
In 2003 Justine Henin-Hardenne beats Kim Clijsters 6-0, 6-4 at the French Open, in the first all-Belgian Grand Slam final.