Today In History...

In 1621 The Dutch West India Company receives a charter for New Netherlands, now known as New York.
In 1888 The poem "Casey at the Bat," by Ernest Thayer, is first published by the San Francisco Daily Examiner.
In 1916 The R.O.T.C. program is established by an Act of Congress.
In 1935 The French liner Normandie set a record on its maiden voyage by crossing the Atlantic in just 4 days, 11 hours, 42 minutes.
In 1937 The Duke of Windsor, who had abdicated the British throne, marries Wallis Warfield Simpson in France.
In 1942 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's first major defeat in World War II.
In 1948 The 200-inch reflecting telescope in the Palomar Mountain Observatory is dedicated in California.
In 1949 "Dragnet" is first broadcast on radio (KFI in Los Angeles).
In 1963 Pope John XXIII dies at age of 81.
In 1965 Gemini IV is launched and Ed White becomes the first American to walk in space.
In 1972 San Jan Priesand becomes the first woman rabbi in the U.S.
In 1976 The U.S. is presented with oldest known copy of the Magna Carta.
In 1980 President Jimmy Carter wins enough delegates for re-nomination.
In 1980 The crew of Soyuz 36 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 35.
In 1981 Pope John Paul II is released from the hospital after an attempt on his life fails.
In 1982 Israel's ambassador to Britain is shot and critically wounded outside a London hotel.
In 1983 Militant tax protestor Gordon Kahl, wanted for the slaying of two U.S. marshals in North Dakota, is killed in a gun battle with law enforcement officers near Smithville, Arkansas.
In 1985 Jerry A. Whitworth is arrested by the FBI, accused of being part of a spy ring headed by John A. Walker.
In 1986 President Reagan sends a message to Congress appealing to lawmakers to continue financing his proposed Strategic Defense Initiative and improvements in nuclear forces.
In 1987 President Reagan arrives in Italy to prepare for a summit of major industrialized democracies, the 13th such gathering of world leaders.
In 1988 President Reagan returns home from the superpower summit in Moscow after a stopover in London.
In 1989 Chinese army troops begin their sweep of Beijing to crush student-led pro-democracy demonstrations.
In 1989 Iran's spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini dies.
In 1990 President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev conclude their Washington summit with a joint news conference at the White House.
In 1991 The Mount Unzen volcano in southern Japan erupts, killing about 40 people.
In 1992 Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton plays his saxophone on the "Arsenio Hall Show."
In 1992 Mad magazine publisher William Gaines dies in New York at age 70.
In 1994 President Clinton, continuing his tour of Italy, visits the graves of American soldiers killed during the Anzio landing during World War II.
In 1994 The U.S. begins consultations with South Korea, Japan and Russia on how to retaliate for North Korea's removal of vital evidence about its nuclear weapons capability.
In 1996 During joint war games, the Japanese vessel Yuugiri fires upon an American attack plane. Two U.S. navy aviators eject safely.
In 1996 The FBI cut the electricity at the Freemen ranch in Montana in an attempt to persuade the occupants to negotiate an end to the 71-day-old standoff.
In 1997 After a bloody coup, 1200 foreigners flee Sierra Leone on an American warship.
In 1997 The government bans most slaughtered-animal parts from U.S. livestock feed because of links to "mad cow disease."
In 2000 President Clinton holds talks in Moscow with Russian President Vladimir Putin on topics including missile defense.
In 2000 Former Treasury Secretary and onetime "energy czar" William Simon dies in Santa Barbara, CA, at age 72.
In 2001 Alejandro Toledo defeats ex-president Alan Garcia in Peru's presidential election.
In 2001 Actor Anthony Quinn dies in Boston at age 86.
In 2003 Arab leaders pledge to renounce terror and help end violence against Israel, standing in solidarity with President Bush at a summit in Egypt.
In 2009 Actor David Carradine is found dead in his hotel room in Bangkok. He was best known for his TV series "Kung Fu" and "Kill Bill" movies.
In 2012 Tiger Woods' 73rd PGA tour victory equals Jack Nicklaus's record.
In 2016 After a 32-year battle with Parkinson's disease, three-time World Heavyweight Champion boxer Muhammad Ali dies at age 74.

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