Today In History...
In 1793 Philadelphia ceases to be the U.S. capital when all federal government offices moved to Washington, DC.
In 1801 The North African State of Tripoli declares war on the U.S. in a dispute over safe passage of merchant vessels through the Mediterranean.
In 1869 The Agnes arrives in New Orleans with the the first ever shipment of frozen beef.
In 1892 The Republican National Convention, meeting in Minneapolis, MN, nominates President Benjamin Harrison for re-election. (Harrison lost the election to former President Cleveland.)
In 1898 U.S. Marines land at Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
In 1920 The Federal Power Commission is created out of the Water Power Act to regulate water plants.
In 1921 Congress passes the Budget and Accounting Act, establishing the Bureau of the Budget and General Accounting Office.
In 1935 Alcoholics Anonymous is formed in Akron, Ohio, by Dr. Robert Smith and William G. Wilson.
In 1940 Italy declares war on France and Britain; the same day Canada declares war on Italy.
In 1942 The Gestapo massacres 173 male residents of Lidice, Czechoslovakia, in retaliation for the killing of a Nazi official.
In 1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to visit a foreign country during wartime.
In 1943 The Ball Point Pen is invented by Lasalo Biro of Budapest, Hungary.
In 1946 Italy replaces its abolished monarchy with a republic.
In 1947 President Harry Truman becomes the first president to pay a state visit to Canada.
In 1964 The U.S. Senate votes to limit further debate on a proposed civil rights bill, shutting off a filibuster by Southern states.
In 1967 Israel, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt end the "6-Day War."
In 1975 Illegal CIA operations against American civilians is revealed.
In 1977 Apple Computers manufactures the first Apple II.
In 1977 James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, escapes from prison in Tennessee (recaptured June 13).
In 1978 Affirmed, ridden by Steve Cauthen, wins the Belmont Stakes and, with it, the Triple Crown.
In 1983 Some 1,000 delegates meeting in Atlanta approve the reunification of the northern and southern branch churches of American Presbyterians to form the Presbyterian Church.
In 1983 The James Bond film "Octopussy" is released in theaters.
In 1985 Socialite Claus von Bulow is acquitted by a jury in Providence, RI, on charges he tried to murder his heiress wife, Martha.
In 1987 Three government agencies investigate PTL for fraud and tax evasion.
In 1988 Author Louis L'Amour dies in Los Angeles at age 80.
In 1988 The House ethics committee announces it had voted unanimously to conduct a preliminary inquiry into allegations concerning the conduct of Speaker Jim Wright.
In 1989 Rev. Jerry Falwell announces the disbanding of the Moral Majority.
In 1990 Alberto Fujimori is elected President of Peru by a narrow margin.
In 1991 New York City stages a celebration for U.S. veterans of the Persian Gulf War.
In 1992 President Bush instructs Secretary of State James Baker to step up negotiations for a new agreement with Russia to reduce long-range nuclear missile stockpiles.
In 1993 Scientists announce they had extracted genetic material from the preserved remains of an insect that had lived when dinosaurs roamed the Earth.
In 1994 Illinois congressman Dan Rostenkowski pleads innocent to a 17-count federal corruption indictment.
In 1994 President Clinton intensifies sanctions against Haiti's military leaders, suspending U.S. commercial air travel and most financial transactions between the two countries.
In 1996 The Colorado Avalanche defeat the Florida Panthers, 1-0, in triple overtime to win the Stanley Cup in a four-game sweep.
In 1997 Pope John Paul II bids farewell to his native Poland as he ended an 11-day pilgrimage.
In 1997 Former Black Panther Geronimo Pratt is released on bail after 27 years behind bars on what he says were trumped-up murder charges.
In 1998 The Wisconsin Supreme Court rules that poor children in Milwaukee can attend religious schools at taxpayer expense.
In 2000 Syria's president, Hafez Assad, dies at age 69 after suffering from heart problems. He was succeeded by his son, Bashar.
In 2000 The New Jersey Devils win their second Stanley Cup in 6 seasons with a 2-1 victory in double overtime over the Dallas Stars in Game 6.
In 2000 France's Mary Pierce beat Conchita Martinez, 6-2, 7-5, to win the French Open women's singles title.
In 2001 The U.S. Supreme Court turns down a request to allow the videotaping of Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh's execution, scheduled for the following day.
In 2001 The death toll from the flooding caused by the remnants of Tropical Storm Allison rises to 16 in Texas and Louisiana.
In 2002 Mob boss John Gotti dies in a prison hospital in Missouri at age 61.
In 2003 A rocket holding the first of two Mars rovers blasts off from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
In 2016 Gordie Howe, considered one of the NHL's greatest players and ambassadors, dies at age 88