Today In History...
In 1888 Congress creates the U.S. Department of Labor.
In 1898 The Yukon Territory of Canada is organized.
In 1900 China's Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Chinese Christians turned violent.
In 1927 Aviation hero Charles Lindberg receives a ticker-tape parade in New York City.
In 1933 The Federal Savings and Loan Association is authorized.
In 1942 President Franklin D. Roosevelt creates the office of War Information, headed by radio news commentator Elmer Davis.
In 1944 Nazi Germany begins launching flying-bomb (buzz-bomb) attacks against Britain during World War II.
In 1948 Babe Ruth's number 3 is retired.
In 1966 The U.S. Supreme Court issues its landmark Miranda-vs-Arizona decision, ruling that suspects must be informed of their constitutional rights before questioning by police.
In 1967 President Lyndon Johnson nominates Thurgood Marshall as the first black Supreme Court Justice.
In 1971 The New York Times begins publishing the Pentagon Papers, a secret study of America's involvement in Vietnam.
In 1977 Former Supreme Court Justice Tom C. Clark dies in New York at 77.
In 1977 James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., is recaptured following his escape from a Tennessee prison 3 days earlier.
In 1981 A scare occurred during a parade in London when a teenager fired six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II.
In 1982 King Khalid of Saudi Arabia dies at age 69; he was succeeded by a half-brother, Crown Prince Fahd.
In 1983 After traveling through space for 11 years, Pioneer X becomes the first craft to escape the solar system.
In 1985 Texas Air buys TWA.
In 1985 Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi addresses a joint meeting of Congress, signaling disagreement with U.S. policies on defense, Pakistan and foreign aid.
In 1988 A federal jury found cigarette manufacturer Liggett Group liable in the lung-cancer death of New Jersey resident Rose Cipollone.
In 1989 The Detroit Pistons win their first National Basketball Association title, sweeping the Los Angeles Lakers in four games.
In 1989 George Bush exercises his first presidential veto on a bill that would have raised minimum wage to $4.55.
In 1990 U.S. Secretary of State James A. Baker III, testifying before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, urged Israel to accept a U.S. plan for peace talks.
In 1991 The U.S. Supreme Court rules a jailed suspect represented by a lawyer in one criminal case sometimes may be questioned by police about another crime without the lawyer present.
In 1991 Tragedy strikes the first round of the U.S. Open golf tournament when lightning struck and killed a spectator.
In 1993 Canada's Progressive Conservative Party chooses Defense Minister Kim Campbell to succeed Brian Mulroney as prime minister; she was the first woman to hold the post.
In 1993 Astronaut Donald K. "Deke" Slayton dies at age 69.
In 1994 A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon Corp. and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the "Exxon Valdez" disaster, allowing victims to seek $15 billion in damages.
In 1994 O.J. Simpson is questioned for several hours by Los Angeles police following the slashing deaths of his ex-wife Nicole and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
In 1995 France says it will abandon its 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing and conduct eight more tests between September and May.
In 1996 The U.S. Supreme Court places greater limits on congressional districts intentionally drawn to get more minorities in Congress.
In 1996 All 16 remaining members of the Freemen surrender to the FBI and leave the ranch, ending the 81-day standoff.
In 1997 A jury votes unanimously to give Timothy McVeigh the death penalty for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
In 1998 President Clinton visits Thurston High School in Springfield, OR, where two students were killed the previous month.
In 1999 NATO soldiers kill two armed men as peacekeepers tried to contain new violence in Kosovo.
In 2000 South Korean and North Korean presidents open a summit, pledging to seek reunification of the divided peninsula.
In 2000 Italy pardons Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who'd tried to kill Pope John Paul II in 1981.
In 2001 President Bush meets behind closed doors with NATO leaders in Brussels, Belgium, where he laid out his missile defense plans.
In 2004 Former President George H.W. Bush celebrates his 80th birthday with a 13,000-foot parachute jump over his presidential library in College Station, Texas.