Today In History...
In 1914 The Panama Canal passes its first ship.
In 1918 The U.S. and Russia sever diplomatic relations.
In 1935 Aviator Wiley Post and humorist Will Rogers are killed when their airplane crashes near Point Barrow, Alaska.
In 1939 "The Wizard of Oz" premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood, California.
In 1944 During World War II, Allied forces land in southern France, between Cannes and Toulon.
In 1945 South Korea is liberated from Japanese rule.
In 1945 U.S. wartime rationing of gasoline and fuel oil ends.
In 1947 India becomes independent after some 200 years of British rule. Jawaharlal Nehru became India's first prime minister.
In 1948 The Republic of Korea is proclaimed.
In 1961 East Germany begins construction on the Berlin Wall.
In 1970 Patricia Palinkas becomes the first woman pro-football player.
In 1971 President Nixon announces a 90-day freeze on increases of wages, prices and rents.
In 1974 South Korean President Park Chung-Hee escapes an assassination attempt in which his wife was killed.
In 1979 Andrew Young resigns as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations after criticism for an unauthorized meeting with the UN observer for the Palestine Liberation Organization.
In 1979 "Apocalypse Now" opens in U.S. movie theaters.
In 1981 Robin Leamy of the U.S. swims a record 7.98 kph for 50 minutes.
In 1984 America's Olympic medal winners are honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York.
In 1988 President Reagan bids a sentimental farewell on the first night of the Republican national convention in New Orleans, and praised the man destined to succeed him, Vice President George Bush.
In 1989 F.W. de Klerk becomes the acting President of South Africa, one day after Pieter Botha resigned.
In 1990 In an effort to gain support against a U.S.-led coalition in the Persian Gulf, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein offers to make peace with longtime enemy Iran.
In 1991 The UN Security Council votes, 13-1, to allow Iraq to export $1.6 billion worth of oil in a tightly controlled sale to pay for desperately needed food and medicine.
In 1993 Pope John Paul II ends his four-day U.S. visit with a farewell address at Denver's Stapleton International Airport in which he denounced the "culture of death" of abortion and euthanasia.
In 1993 An Egyptian surrenders peacefully after hijacking a Dutch jet to Germany to demand the U.S. release Muslim cleric Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman.
In 1994 Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, terrorist better known as "Carlos the Jackal," is captured is Sudan.
In 1995 The U.S. Justice Department agrees to pay $3.1 million to white separatist Randy Weaver and his family to settle their claims over the killing of Weaver's wife and son during a 1992 siege by federal agents at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
In 1995 Pioneering TV journalist John Cameron Swayze dies at age 89.
In 1996 Bob Dole claims the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in San Diego.
In 1996 Frederick Martin Davidson, a graduate student at San Diego State University, shoots and kills three engineering professors (Davidson was later sentenced to three life terms in prison).
In 1997 The U.S. government expands its recall of ground beef sold under the Hudson brand name to 1.2 million pounds because of new evidence of possible contamination by E. coli bacteria.
In 1999 Tiger Woods wins the PGA Championship, becoming the youngest player to win two majors since Seve Ballesteros.
In 2000 British Airways joins Air France in grounding its Concorde supersonic jets in the wake of the July 25 crash near Paris that claimed 113 lives.
In 2001 A Texas appeals court halts the execution of Napoleon Beazley just hours before he was scheduled to die for a murder he had committed as a teenager. He was executed the following May.
In 2001 Astronomers announce the discovery of the first solar system outside our own.
In 2003 Bouncing back from the largest blackout in U.S. history, cities from the Midwest to Manhattan restore power to millions of people.