Today In History...
In 1796 President George Washington's farewell address is published.
In 1812 Napoleon's retreat from Russia begins.
In 1849 The first commercial laundry is established, in Oakland, California.
In 1881 The 20th U.S. president, James A. Garfield, dies of a gunshot wound inflicted by an assassin eleven weeks earlier.
In 1888 The first reported beauty contest is held in Belgium.
In 1883 New Zealand is the first country to give women the vote.
In 1934 Bruno Hauptmann is arrested in New York and charged with the kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby.
In 1945 Nazi propagandist William Joyce, known as "Lord Haw-Haw," is sentenced to death by a British Court.
In 1955 President Juan Peron of Argentina is ousted after a revolt by the army and the navy.
In 1957 The U.S. conducts its first underground nuclear test, in the Nevada desert.
In 1959 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev becomes very angry during a visit to Los Angeles after being told, for security reasons, he wouldn't be able to visit Disneyland.
In 1960 Cuban leader Fidel Castro, in New York to visit the United Nations, angrily checks out of the Shelburne Hotel in a dispute with the management.
In 1967 Hurricane Beulah drops 12.19 inches of rain on Brownsville, Texas.
In 1970 The "Mary Tyler Moore Show" premieres on CBS-TV.
In 1983 Wall Street commodities trader Marc Rich is indicted on a charge of evading $48 million in taxes, the biggest case in U.S. history.
In 1983 Two U.S. Navy ships off Beirut open fire in support of Lebanese army units defending the town of Souk el-Gharb.
In 1984 West Germany bans leaded gas, effective in 1988.
In 1984 Britain and China complete a draft agreement on transferring Hong Kong from British to Chinese rule by 1997.
In 1985 The Mexico City area is struck by an earthquake measuring 8.9 on the Richter scale, the first of two quakes that claimed over 6000 lives.
In 1986 Federal health officials announce that the experimental drug AZT would be made available to thousands of AIDS patients.
In 1987 Pope John Paul II visits New Jersey and Michigan.
In 1988 Swimmer Janet Evans gives the U.S. its first gold medal of the Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, by winning the 400-meter individual medley.
In 1988 Israel succeeded in launching a test satellite, the Horizon I.
In 1989 A Paris-bound DC-10 belonging to the French airline UTA disappears after a stopover in Chad while carrying 171 people. (The plane's wreckage was found the next day in Niger.)
In 1990 Iraq begins confiscating foreign assets from countries that were imposing sanctions against the Baghdad government.
In 1991 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir accuses the U.S. of tilting toward the Arabs in its eagerness to organize a Mideast peace conference.
In 1992 The U.N. Security Council votes to recommend Yugoslavia's suspension because of its role in Bosnia's civil war.
In 1994 U.S. troops peacefully enter Haiti to enforce the return of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
In 1995 The New York Times and the Washington Post publish the Unabomber's manifesto.
In 1995 The U.S. Senate passes a welfare overhaul bill.
In 1995 The U.S. ambassador and the commander of American forces in Japan apologize for the rape of an Okinawan schoolgirl allegedly committed by three U.S. servicemen.
In 1996 American astronaut Shannon Lucid, on board the Russian Mir space station since March, eagerly greeted the crew of Atlantis hours after their arrival and docking.
In 1998 Rescue efforts continue off the Philippines for the Princess of the Orient, a ferry which had sunk in a storm, leaving at least 70 people dead and 80 others missing.
In 1998 Susan Barrantes, mother of Sarah Ferguson, the Duchess of York, is killed in a car crash in Argentina; she was 61.
In 1999 German voters hand Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's governing Social Democrats a humiliating defeat in elections in the eastern state of Saxony, giving it just 11 percent of the votes.
In 2000 The U.S. Senate approves permanent normal trade status for China.
In 2003 Former Hurricane Isabel races from Virginia to Canada, delivering far less rain than expected but leaving millions without power.
In 2004 "The Sopranos" wins best drama series at the Emmy Awards.