Today In History...

In 1789 Congress passes the First Judiciary Act, which provided for an Attorney General and a Supreme Court.
In 1845 The first baseball team is organized.
In 1852 A new invention, the dirigible, is demonstrated.
In 1853 Cornelius Vanderbilt makes the first round-the-world trip by yacht.
In 1869 Thousands of businessmen are ruined in a Wall Street panic after financiers Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to corner the gold market.
In 1895 First round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle (took 15 months).
In 1929 Lt. James H. Doolittle guides a Consolidated NY2 Biplane over Mitchell Field in New York in the first all-instrument flight.
In 1934 Babe Ruth makes his farewell appearance as a regular player with the New York Yankees in a game against the Boston Red Sox.
In 1948 Mildred Gillars, accused of being Nazi wartime radio propagandist "Axis Sally," pleads innocent in a Washington courtroom to charges of treason. (Gillars served 12 years in prison.)
In 1955 President Eisenhower suffers a heart attack while on vacation in Denver, CO.
In 1957 The Brooklyn Dodgers play their last game at Ebbets Field defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates, 2-0.
In 1957 President Eisenhower orders U.S. troops to desegregate Little Rock, Arkansas, schools.
In 1960 The first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, the USS Enterprise, is launched at Newport News, VA.
In 1961 "The Bullwinkle Show," featuring Bullwinkle the Moose and Rocky the Flying Squirrel, first airs.
In 1963 The U.S. Senate ratifies a treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union limiting nuclear testing.
In 1964 "The Munsters" premieres on CBS-TV.
In 1968 The CBS television news magazine "60 Minutes" premieres.
In 1969 The trial of the "Chicago 8" begins. Five of the defendants were convicted of crossing state lines to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention, but the convictions were ultimately overturned.
In 1970 The first automated return of a lunar sample by Luna XVI.
In 1976 Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst is sentenced to 7 years for her part in a 1974 bank robbery. She was released after 22 months under an executive clemency order from President Carter.
In 1981 Four Armenian gunmen seize the Turkish consulate in Paris, holding 60 hostages for 15 hours before surrendering.
In 1985 Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze, addressing the UN General Assembly, warns the Reagan administration's "Star Wars" proposal threatened a "nuclear catastrophe."
In 1985 The U.S. House of Representatives approves a budget package that even its supporters admitted relied on accounting gimmicks to help meet the government's self-imposed deficit limit in fiscal 1987.
In 1987 President Reagan rebuffs congressional calls to limit U.S. forces in the Persian Gulf, and defended the recent U.S. attack on an Iranian mine-laying vessel.
In 1988 The Episcopal church elects its first female bishop, Barbara Harris, a black woman who had been a priest for 8 years.
In 1988 Billy Carter, former president Jimmy Carter's brother and a comical character during his presidency, dies at age 51 of cancer.
In 1988 Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson wins the men's 100-meter dash at the Seoul Summer Olympics, but he was disqualified three days later for using anabolic steroids.
In 1990 The Supreme Soviet votes to give preliminary approval to a plan for switching the Soviet Union to a free-market economy.
In 1990 South African President F.W. de Klerk meets at the White House with President Bush.
In 1991 Children's book author Theodor "Dr. Seuss" Geisel dies at age 87.
In 1991 Kidnappers in Lebanon free British hostage Jack Mann after holding him captive for more than two years.
In 1992 Acting Navy Secretary Sean O'Keefe strips three admirals of their jobs for failing to investigate aggressively the Tailhook sex abuse scandal.
In 1993 Addressing the UN, Nelson Mandela asks the world community to lift
In 1993 economic sanctions against South Africa.
In 1994 A firefight erupts between U.S. Marines and a group of armed Haitians outside a police station in the northern coastal city of Cap-Haitien. Ten of the Haitians were killed.
In 1995 Israel and the PLO agree to sign a pact at the White House ending nearly three decades of Israeli occupation of West Bank cities.
In 1995 A 16-year-old boy in Cuers, France, kills 13 people before turning a gun on himself.
In 1996 The U.S., represented by President Clinton, and the world's other major nuclear powers sign a treaty to end all testing and development of nuclear weapons.
In 1998 Hurricane Georges charges toward the Florida Keys, after killing at least 250 in Caribbean.
In 1998 The Federal Reserve puts into circulation $2 billion in harder-to-counterfeit $20 bills.
In 1999 For the first time, citizens of Yugoslav federation, including Serbia and Montenegro, vote directly for president.
In 2000 For the first time, citizens of the Yugoslav federation - Serbia and Montenegro - vote directly for president. (The election would prompt protests that toppled President Slobodan Milosevic.)
In 2001 President Bush orders a freeze on the assets of 27 people and organizations with suspected links to terrorism, including Islamic militant Osama bin Laden.
In 2002 Gunmen storm a Hindu temple in the western Indian state of Gujarat, killing some 30 worshippers.

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