Today In History...
In 1658 Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector of England, dies.
In 1783 The Treaty of Paris between the U.S. and Great Britain officially ends the Revolutionary War.
In 1900 The British annex Natal (South Africa).
In 1935 The first automobile to exceed 300 mph, Sir Malcolm Campbell.
In 1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland.
In 1940 High definition color TV is seen for the first time.
In 1940 The U.S. gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for military bases.
In 1943 Allied troops invade Italy during World War II.
In 1951 The television soap opera "Search For Tomorrow" debuts on CBS.
In 1966 "The Adventures of Ozzie And Harriet" airs for the last time after 14 years on ABC-TV.
In 1967 Nguyen Van Thieu is elected president of South Vietnam under a new constitution.
In 1967 The original version of the TV show "What's My Line?" broadcast its final episode after 17 years on CBS.
In 1970 Football coach Vince Lombardi dies in Washington, DC.
In 1970 A hailstone 17.5 inches in diameter lands in Kansas.
In 1976 The unmanned U.S. spacecraft Viking II lands on Mars at Utopia to take the first close-up, color photographs of the planet's surface.
In 1978 The crew of Soyuz 31 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 29.
In 1978 Pope John Paul I is installed as the 246th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church.
In 1979 Hurricane David smashes into the Florida coast, leaving several people dead and causing millions in damages.
In 1980 The "Cisco Kid," Duncan Renaldo dies.
In 1985 20th Space Shuttle Mission - Discovery 6 returns to Earth.
In 1986 The U.S. approaches the Soviet Union with a proposal to free American journalist Nicholas Daniloff in exchange for granting a pretrial release for Soviet spy Gennadiy Zakharov.
In 1987 During the Iran-Iraq war, 20 ships in the Persian Gulf are damaged by mines and two sailors are killed.
In 1987 A Soviet prosecutor accuses West German pilot Mathias Rust of seeking "cheap popularity" by landing a private plane in Moscow's Red Square. Rust was convicted and freed the following August.
In 1990 Dr. David Acer, a Florida dentist, dies of AIDS after apparently infecting five of his patients with the HIV virus.
In 1991 25 people are killed when fire broke out at the Imperial Food Products chicken-processing plant in Hamlet, NC.
In 1991 Academy Award-winning director Frank Capra, whose films included "It Happened One Night," "Mr. Smith Goes to Washington" and "It's a Wonderful Life," dies in La Quinta, CA, at age 94.
In 1992 An Italian relief plane is shot down by ground-to-air missiles outside of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
In 1992 Baseball owners vote, 18-9-1, to ask commissioner Fay Vincent to resign.
In 1993 The U.S. Labor Department reports a unemployment rate of 6.7 percent, the lowest in two years.
In 1995 Testing the Serbs, the United Nations reopens a route to Sarajevo and threatened more air attacks if the rebel stranglehold of the Bosnian capital didn't end.
In 1996 The U.S. launches 27 cruise missiles at "selected air defense targets" in Iraq as punishment for Iraqi invasion of Kurdish safe havens.
In 1997 The U.S. Senate votes to ban most federal financing for abortions provided by managed-care industry.
In 1997 U.S. sanctions against Japan's three largest shipping companies go into effect after Japan fails to eliminate harbor restrictions for U.S. shippers.
In 1997 Arizona Governor Fife Symington is convicted of lying to get millions in loans to shore up his collapsing real estate empire.
In 1999 A French judge closes a 2-year inquiry into the car crash that killed Princess Diana, dismissing all charges against nine photographers and a press motorcyclist, and concluding the accident was caused by an inebriated driver.
In 1999 NASA temporarily grounded its space shuttle fleet after inspections had uncovered damaged wires that could endanger a mission.
In 2001 Hewlett-Packard announces it would buy Compaq Computer for about 25 billion dollars.
In 2001 St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Bud Smith becomes the 16th rookie in modern history to throw a no-hitter, shutting down San Diego in the Cardinals' 4-0 win.
In 2001 Movie critic Pauline Kael dies at age 82.
In 2002 The U.S. Senate opens debate on legislation creating a new Homeland Security Department.