Today In History...
In 1789 Thomas Jefferson is appointed America's first Secretary of State; John Jay the first chief justice of the U.S.; and Edmund Jennings Randolph the first Attorney General.
In 1820 Frontiersman Daniel Boone dies in Missouri at age 85.
In 1871 David O. Saylor patents cement for concrete.
In 1902 The world's richest maker of pants, Levi Strauss dies at age 73.
In 1914 Federal Trade Commission is formed to regulate interstate commerce.
In 1918 The Meuse-Argonne offensive against the Germans begins during World War I.
In 1950 U.N. troops in the Korean Conflict recapture the South Korean capital of Seoul from the North Koreans.
In 1952 Philosopher George Santayana dies in Rome at age 88.
In 1960 The first of four TV debates between presidential candidates Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy begin in Chicago.
In 1962 "The Beverly Hillbillies" premieres on CBS-TV.
In 1966 Japan launches its first satellite in to space.
In 1969 The comedy series "The Brady Bunch" premieres on ABC-TV.
In 1975 "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" movie premieres in Westwood, CA.
In 1980 The Cuban government abruptly closes Mariel Harbor, ending the "freedom flotilla" boat lift of Cuban refugees that began the previous April.
In 1983 Australia II wins the America's Cup yacht race ending the U.S.'s 132-year winning streak.
In 1983 Cosmonauts Titov & Strekalov are saved from exploding Soyuz T-10.
In 1984 Britain and China initial a draft agreement on the future of Hong Kong once the British colony reverts to Chinese rule in 1997.
In 1985 Hurricane Gloria approaches the North Carolina shore, prompting more than 150,000 Atlantic Coast residents to flee.
In 1985 American officials confirm the defection of Soviet KGB official Vitaly Yurchenko. Yurchenko later redefected back to the Soviet Union, claiming he had been kidnapped.
In 1986 Willam H. Rehnquist is sworn in as the 16th chief justice of the U.S., while Antonin Scalia joined the Supreme Court as its 103rd member.
In 1986 Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone apologizes for remarks he'd made about American minorities that were considered racist.
In 1989 Vietnam withdraws its forces from Cambodia ending a no-win, 11-year involvement in which 25,000 Vietnamese soldiers died.
In 1989 Former housing secretary Samuel R. Pierce Jr. refuses to answer questions from a House panel investigating scandals involving HUD.
In 1990 The Motion Picture Association of America announces it had created a new rating, NC-17, designed to bar moviegoers under the age of 17 from certain films without the stigma of the old X rating.
In 1991 Four men and four women begin a 2-year stay inside a sealed-off structure in Oracle, Arizona, called Biosphere II.
In 1991 AIDS patient Kimberly Bergalis pleads with Congress to enact mandatory AIDS testing for health care workers.
In 1992 A Nigerian military transport plane crashes shortly after takeoff, killing all 163 people aboard.
In 1993 The eight occupants of Biosphere II emerge, ending their two-year experiment.
In 1994 Jury selection begins in O.J. Simpson murder trial.
In 1994 In a speech to the UN General Assembly, President Clinton announces he had lifted most U.S. sanctions against Haiti, and urged other nations to follow suit.
In 1995 "George" magazine, published by John F. Kennedy Jr., debuts.
In 1995 The prosecution begins its closing argument in the murder trial of O.J. Simpson.
In 1995 A bond trader at Japan's Daiwa Bank is charged with doctoring records to hide $1.1 billion in losses.
In 1996 Astronaut Shannon Lucid returns to Earth aboard shuttle Atlantis after six months of weightlessness.
In 1996 President Clinton signs bill ensuring two-day hospital stays for new mothers and their babies.
In 1996 ValuJet gets federal permission to fly again 3 months after the budget carrier was grounded after a deadly crash in the Florida Everglades.
In 1996 Richard Allen Davis, the convicted killer of 12-year-old Polly Klaas, is sentenced to death in San Jose, CA.
In 1997 A Garuda Airlines airbus crashes in Indonesia killing 234 people.
In 1998 The U.S. Justice Department agrees to pay $4.1 million to U.S. immigration workers who claimed race discrimination.
In 1998 The U.S.'s first march on cancer takes place at the National Mall in Washington, DC.
In 1999 America wins its first Ryder Cup since 1993 after trailing the European team, 10-6, going into the final round.
In 2000 The U.S. softball team makes a stunning comeback at the Sydney Olympics, beating Japan 2-to-1 in extra innings to win its second straight gold medal.
In 2000 Actor Richard Mulligan ("Soap," "Empty Nest") dies at age 67.
In 2001 A white police officer is acquitted in the shooting death of an unarmed black man in Cincinnati, an incident that sparked the city's worst racial unrest in three decades.
In 2003 President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin open a two-day summit at Camp David.
In 2004 Hurricane Jeanne strikes near Stuart, Florida, with 120 mph winds, and killing six.