Today In History...

In 1642 Harvard College holds its first commencement.
In 1779 During the Revolutionary War, the American warship Bon Homme Richard, commanded by John Paul Jones, defeats the HMS Serapis after Jones declares: "I have not yet begun to fight!"
In 1780 British spy John Andre is captured along with papers revealing Benedict Arnold's plot to surrender West Point to the British.
In 1806 The Lewis and Clark expedition returns to St. Louis from the Pacific Northwest.
In 1846 Johann Galle and Heinrich d'Arrest discover the planet Neptune.
In 1859 Daniel Emmett publishes "I Wish I Was In Dixie."
In 1912 The first Mack Sennett "Keystone Comedy" movie is released.
In 1926 Gene Tunney scores a ten-round decision over Jack Dempsey to win the world heavyweight boxing title in Philadelphia.
In 1932 The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is formed.
In 1938 A time capsule, to be opened in the year 6939, is buried on the grounds of the World's Fair in New York City.
In 1939 Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, dies in London.
In 1952 The first closed circuit pay-TV telecast of a sports event.
In 1952 Republican vice-presidential candidate Richard Nixon delivers what came to be known as his "Checker's" speech as he refuted allegations of improper campaign financing.
In 1953 "The Robe," the first movie filmed in the CinemaScope widescreen process, premieres in Hollywood, a week after opening in New York.
In 1957 Nine black students who entered Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas were forced to withdraw when a white mob froms outside.
In 1961 First movie to become a TV series - "How to Marry a Millionaire."
In 1962 ABC-TV's first color series, "The Jetsons," premieres.
In 1962 New York's Philharmonic Hall formally opens as the first unit of the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
In 1973 Former Argentine president Juan Peron returns to power.
In 1976 President Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter hold the first face-to-face presidential TV debate.
In 1976 Soyuz 22 returns to Earth.
In 1977 Cheryl Ladd replaces Farrah Fawcett on TV's "Charlie's Angels."
In 1977 Third test of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
In 1981 The Reagan administration announces plans for "Radio Marti."
In 1982 Amin Gemayel is sworn in as president of Lebanon, pledging to end the country's "vicious cycle of bloody violence."
In 1986 Congress approves the rose as America's national flower.
In 1986 Controversy erupts as Japanese newspapers quote Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone as saying minorities lowered America's "intelligence level."
In 1987 Delaware Senator Joseph Biden withdraws from the Democratic presidential race following questions about his use of borrowed quotations and the portrayal of his academic record.
In 1988 Soviet Minister Eduard A. Shevardnadze concludes 2 days of talks in Washington with Secretary of State George Shultz on the subjects of arms control and human rights.
In 1990 Iraq threatens to destroy Middle East oil fields and attack Israel if other nations tried to force it from Kuwait.
In 1991 UN weapons inspectors in Baghdad discover documents detailing Iraq's secret nuclear weapons program, triggering a standoff with Iraqi authorities.
In 1991 President Bush addresses the United Nations, urging the world body to rescind its resolution equating Zionism with racism.
In 1992 Plans for a presidential debate fell apart, with President Bush continuing to object to a single-moderator format proposed by a bipartisan commission; it was the second such cancellation.
In 1993 Sydney, Australia, is selected to host the 2000 Summer Olympics.
In 1993 The Israeli parliament ratifies the Israel-PLO accord.
In 1993 The South African parliament votes to allow blacks a role in governing.
In 1996 The space shuttle Atlantis leaves Russia's orbiting Mir station with astronaut Shannon Lucid after a six-month stay.
In 1996 Ross Perot sues the bipartisan commission that voted to keep him out of the presidential debates, arguing that excluding him would deepen public cynicism and cause his campaign "incalculable damage."
In 1997 Armed men raid an Algerian village, looting homes, killing at least 200 people and wounding 100 in one of the worst massacres since Algeria's Islamic insurgency began.
In 1997 The Senate Finance Committee opens hearings into reports of alleged abuses by the Internal Revenue Service.
In 1998 Federal regulators approve the merger of Citicorp and Travelers Group, creating the nation's largest financial services company.
In 1998 The UN Security Council demands a cease-fire in Kosovo.
In 2000 Commentator Carl T. Rowan dies in Washington, DC, at age 75.
In 2001 President George W. Bush returns the American flag to full staff at Camp David, symbolically ending a period of national mourning.
In 2001 13 coal miners are killed in an explosion at the Blue Creek Mine #5 in Brookwood, Alabama.
In 2002 Governor Gray Davis signs a law making California the first state to offer workers paid family leave.
In 2019 The first full day of Autumn.

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