Today In History...
In 1628 The Puritans land at Salem and form Massachusetts Bay Colony.
In 1716 The first lighthouse in the U.S. is built in Boston.
In 1837 The Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio goes co-educational as it conferred equal academic status to a class of four women and 30 men.
In 1882 In the first Labor Day parade in New York City, workers carry signs that say "Less Hours More Pay."
In 1901 President William McKinley is shot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, and dies eight days later. Czolgosz was executed the following October.
In 1909 American explorer Robert Peary sent word that he had reached the North Pole five months earlier.
In 1930 The movie "Animal Crackers" is released in U.S. theaters.
In 1939 South Africa declares war on Germany.
In 1941 During the Nazi Holocaust, Jews over the age of six in German-occupied areas are ordered to wear yellow stars of David inscribed with the word "Jew."
In 1948 Queen Juliana of the Netherlands in crowned.
In 1952 Canadian television broadcasting begins in Montreal.
In 1958 The Miss America title is won by Mary Ann Mobley, 21, from Mississippi.
In 1958 The TV Western "Wanted-Dead Or Alive," starring Steve McQueen, debuts on CBS.
In 1966 South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd is stabbed to death during a parliamentary session in Cape Town.
In 1970 Palestinian guerrillas seize control of three jetliners which were later blown up on the ground in Jordon after the passengers and crew were evacuated.
In 1970 C.A. Browne is the first African American contestant in the Miss America Pageant.
In 1975 Czechoslovakian tennis star Martina Navratilova, in New York for the U.S. Open, requests political asylum.
In 1978 James Wickwire of Seattle and Louis Reichardt of San Francisco are the first Americans to reach the summit of Pakistan's K2, the world's second-highest mountain.
In 1981 A record-setting game of catch is played when a fresh, uncooked chicken egg is thrown 317 feet and caught barehanded without breaking.
In 1982 Polish dissidents seize the Polish Embassy in Bern, Switzerland.
In 1983 The Soviet Union admits shooting down Korean Air Lines flight 007 five days after the fact, saying fighter pilots involved did not know it was a civilian aircraft.
In 1984 The Soviet Union announces that Marshal Nikolai V. Ogarkov had been removed as chief of the general staff and first deputy defense minister, and replaced by Marshal Sergei Akhromeyev.
In 1986 A Pan Am hijacking in Pakistan ends with 21 dead, 100 wounded.
In 1986 22 workers are killed when two gunmen attack a synagogue in Istanbul, Turkey, with machine guns and grenades.
In 1988 A 25-hour drama begins as technical problems kept a 2-man Soviet space crew from returning to Earth aboard a Soyuz space capsule. The problems were resolved, and the crew landed safely the next day.
In 1989 The National Party, the governing party of South Africa, loses about 25% of its parliament seats to far-right and anti-apartheid rivals, its worst setback in four decades.
In 1991 The State Council of the Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic states.
In 1992 An unidentified 35-year-old man who was the recipient of a transplanted baboon liver dies at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center 10 weeks after receiving the organ.
In 1993 Automakers Renault of France and Volvo of Sweden announce they would merge. Volvo canceled the deal the following December.
In 1995 Hurricane Luis, one of the strongest storms this century, hits
In 1994 Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds and Gerry Adams, head of the IRA's political ally, Sinn Fein, make a joint commitment to peace after their first face-to-face meeting. St. John's, Antigua.
In 1995 Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken breaks Lou Gehrig's record by playing his 2,131st consecutive game.
In 1995 The Senate Ethics Committee votes unanimously to recommend expulsion of Senator Bob Packwood, accused of sexual and official misconduct.
In 1995 Rioting erupts in French Polynesia, in response to France's detonation of an underground nuclear device.
In 1996 The death count from Hurricane Fran rises to 17 in Virginia, West Virginia and the Carolinas.
In 1998 Japanese movie director Akira Kurosawa dies in Tokyo at age 88.
In 1999 In Detroit, striking teachers and the school board agreed on a tentative agreement aimed at ending a weeklong walkout.
In 2000 The Millennium Summit, the largest gathering of world leaders in history, convenes at the United Nations.
In 2000 Thousands of pro-Indonesian militiamen and supporters storm a UN office in West Timor, killing 3 foreign staffers, including an American.
In 2000 Michael Swango, a former doctor suspected in a string of poisoning deaths, pleaded guilty to killing three patients in a Long Island, NY, hospital. He was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
In 2002 Meeting outside Washington, DC, for only the second time since 1800, Congress convened in New York to pay homage to the victims and heroes of September 11, 2001.
In 2004 Former President Clinton undergoes successful heart bypass surgery during a 4-hour procedure at New York Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia.