Today In History...
In 1648 The Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War and effectively destroyed the Holy Roman Empire.
In 1836 The match is patented.
In 1851 William Lassell discovers Ariel and Umbral, satellites of Uranus.
In 1861 The first transcontinental telegraph message is sent as Justice Stephen J. Field of California transmitted a telegram to President Abraham Lincoln in Washington, DC.
In 1901 Anna Edson Taylor, a 43-year-old widow, is the first to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and live to tell about it.
In 1929 "Black Thursday," the beginning of the stock market crash.
In 1931 The George Washington Bridge connecting New York to New Jersey is opened.
In 1939 Nylon stockings are sold for the first time in Wilmington, Delaware.
In 1940 The 40-hour work week takes effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
In 1945 The United Nations Charter goes into effect.
In 1952 Republican presidential candidate, Dwight Eisenhower declares in a Detroit speech, "I shall go to Korea" as he promised to end the conflict.
In 1960 Disaster on an USSR launch pad kills missile expert Nedelin and team.
In 1962 The U.S. blockade of Cuba during the missile crisis officially begins under a proclamation signed by President John Kennedy the day before.
In 1964 Zambia (North Rhodesia) gains independence from Britain.
In 1970 Salvador Allende Gossens is elected president of Chile.
In 1984 Intelsat 5 re-enters the earth's atmosphere.
In 1985 President Reagan commits the U.S. to a "fresh start" in U.S.-Soviet relations during a speech to the U.N. General Assembly.
In 1985 Ines Guadalupe Duarte Duran, the daughter of El Salvador's president, Jose Napoleon Duarte, is released by leftist rebels as part of a prisoner exchange.
In 1987 NBC network TV technicians end a 118-day strike.
In 1987 30 years after it was expelled for refusing to answer allegations of corruption, the Teamsters union is welcomed back into AFL-CIO.
In 1989 TV evangelist Jim Bakker is sentenced to 45 years in prison for fraud and conspiracy. The sentence was later reduced to eight years, and then again to four years for good behavior.
In 1990 The U.S. Senate fails to override President Bush's veto of a major civil rights bill by a vote of 66-to-34, one vote short of the two-thirds majority needed.
In 1991 "Star Trek" creator Gene Roddenberry dies at age 70.
In 1992 The Toronto Blue Jays defeat the Atlanta Braves, 4-3, to win the World Series, becoming the first non-U.S. team to do so.
In 1993 Two George Washington University researchers, who had cloned non-viable human embryos, tell a news conference that science was still far from duplicating human beings.
In 1994 Actor Raul Julia dies in Manhasset, NY, at age 54.
In 1996 Rioting erupts in St. Petersburg, FL, after a white police officer fatally shot a black man during a traffic stop.
In 1997 Former NBC sportscaster Marv Albert apologizes to the woman he bit during a sexual romp and avoids jail time.
In 2000 Secretary of State Madeleine Albright ends 2 days of historic talks with North Korea's Kim Jong-Il, with the Communist leader indicating a willingness to restrain the country's long-range missile program.
In 2001 Two trucks crash head-on in a main tunnel through the Alps, igniting a fire and killing 11 people.
In 2001 O.J. Simpson is acquitted in Miami of a road-rage incident.
In 2003 Tiger Woods matches the 55-year-old standard set by Byron Nelson by making the cut in his 113th consecutive PGA Tour event.
In 2003 Supersonic air travels ends with the last Concord landing in London.
In 2004 Emmitt Smith breaks Walter Payton's NFL record for 100-yard games rushing with his 78th.
In 2005 Civil rights activist Rosa Parks, 92, dies.